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BACKGROUND Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) has a heterogeneous neuropathological spectrum, ranging from the classical corticobasal degeneration to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The neuropathology of CBS is still unpredictable. CSF tau/abeta ratio is a reliable marker of AD. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the presence of a distinct clinical and neuroimaging CBS phenotype(More)
BACKGROUND The gene encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been suggested as a candidate for major depression, and for depression susceptibility in different neurological and psychiatric diseases. No study has investigated the role of BDNF genetic variation and depressive symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study(More)
Several studies have been conducted to understand the genetic correlates of Alzheimer disease (AD)-related behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD). However, given that BPSD rarely occur in isolation, it has been suggested that targeting BPSD individually is too narrow of an approach if one wants to accurately define all the associated risk(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) recognises high familial incidence, with up to 50% of patients reported to have a family history of similar dementia. It has been reported that mutations within progranulin (PGRN) gene are a major cause of FTLD in the USA and worldwide, counting for 5-10% of FTLD and for 20-25% of familiar FTLD cases. The aim of the(More)
Increasing biological and clinical findings argue for a link between brain cholesterol turnover and Alzheimer Disease (AD), high cerebral levels of the former increasing Abeta load. Cerebral cholesterol elimination involves two mechanisms dependent on Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and cholesterol 24-hydroxylase (CYP46). The aim of this study was to evaluate an(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the cumulative effect of the genes likely involved in Alzheimer disease (AD)-related psychosis and their interaction with disease stage and environmental factors. METHODS Two hundred thirty-four patients with AD underwent clinical and neuropsychologic examination, behavioral and psychiatric(More)
There is emerging evidence that psychosis in Alzheimer Disease (AD) represents a clinically relevant phenotype with a distinct biological process. It has been reported that a functional polymorphism of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene predisposes to an increased risk for schizophrenia and likely to psychosis susceptibility. Aim of this study was(More)
BACKGROUND APOE is the most recognized genetic risk factor for sporadic late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). The role of APOE genotype in Lewy body dementia (LBD) is still unknown as well as the relationship between APOE genotype and cholesterol levels. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore the association between APOE genotype and(More)
A 22 year old patient with non-familial progressive myoclonus, macular cherry-red spot, moderate cerebellar syndrome and normal intelligence is described. The myoclonus began at the age of 18 years. Focal myoclonus could easily be elicited by voluntary and passive movements, and by touch and electrical stimulation of median nerve. Somatosensory evoked(More)