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Several studies have been conducted to understand the genetic correlates of Alzheimer disease (AD)-related behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD). However, given that BPSD rarely occur in isolation, it has been suggested that targeting BPSD individually is too narrow of an approach if one wants to accurately define all the associated risk(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the cumulative effect of the genes likely involved in Alzheimer disease (AD)-related psychosis and their interaction with disease stage and environmental factors. METHODS Two hundred thirty-four patients with AD underwent clinical and neuropsychologic examination, behavioral and psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND The gene encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been suggested as a candidate for major depression, and for depression susceptibility in different neurological and psychiatric diseases. No study has investigated the role of BDNF genetic variation and depressive symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study(More)
The lack of adenosine deaminase (ADA) leads to the accumulation of toxic metabolites, resulting in SCID. If the disease is left untreated, it is likely to have a fatal outcome in early infancy. Because hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and enzyme replacement therapy with pegylated bovine ADA (PEG-ADA) are both provided in our hospital, we(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Combinations of multiple predisposing polymorphisms and their interactions with modifiable factors may result in synergistic effects on the risk of ischemic stroke. These mechanisms are more likely to play a relevant role in younger individuals. METHODS The cumulative effect of the 20210A variant of prothrombin gene, the 1691A(More)
Sialidase NEU3 is also known as the plasma-membrane-associated form of mammalian sialidases, exhibiting a high substrate specificity towards gangliosides. In this respect, sialidase NEU3 modulates cell-surface biological events and plays a pivotal role in different cellular processes, including cell adhesion, recognition and differentiation. At the moment,(More)
BACKGROUND APOE is the most recognized genetic risk factor for sporadic late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). The role of APOE genotype in Lewy body dementia (LBD) is still unknown as well as the relationship between APOE genotype and cholesterol levels. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore the association between APOE genotype and(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) recognises high familial incidence, with up to 50% of patients reported to have a family history of similar dementia. It has been reported that mutations within progranulin (PGRN) gene are a major cause of FTLD in the USA and worldwide, counting for 5-10% of FTLD and for 20-25% of familiar FTLD cases. The aim of the(More)
Early detection of platelet activation is important for the diagnosis and follow-up of several pathological conditions that primarily or secondarily involve platelets in their pathogenesis. The golden standard assay to detect thrombocyte activation is represented by the release of serotonin, classically performed by demanding methodologies, such as(More)
Increasing biological and clinical findings argue for a link between brain cholesterol turnover and Alzheimer Disease (AD), high cerebral levels of the former increasing Abeta load. Cerebral cholesterol elimination involves two mechanisms dependent on Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and cholesterol 24-hydroxylase (CYP46). The aim of this study was to evaluate an(More)