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New empirical scoring functions have been developed to estimate the binding affinity of a given protein-ligand complex with known three-dimensional structure. These scoring functions include terms accounting for van der Waals interaction, hydrogen bonding, deformation penalty, and hydrophobic effect. A special feature is that three different algorithms have(More)
A new method is presented for the calculation of partition coefficients of solutes in octanol/water. Our algorithm, XLOGP, is based on the summation of atomic contributions and includes correction factors for some intramolecular interactions. Using this method, we calculate the log P of 1831 organic compounds and analyze the derived parameters by(More)
WRKY proteins, defined by the conserved WRKYGQK sequence, are comprised of a large superfamily of transcription factors identified specifically from the plant kingdom. This superfamily plays important roles in plant disease resistance, abiotic stress, senescence as well as in some developmental processes. In this study, the Arabidopsis WRKY1 was shown to be(More)
We have developed a new method, i.e., XLOGP3, for logP computation. XLOGP3 predicts the logP value of a query compound by using the known logP value of a reference compound as a starting point. The difference in the logP values of the query compound and the reference compound is then estimated by an additive model. The additive model implemented in XLOGP3(More)
Biomolecular networks have to perform their functions robustly. A robust function may have preferences in the topological structures of the underlying network. We carried out an exhaustive computational analysis on network topologies in relation to a patterning function in Drosophila embryogenesis. We found that whereas the vast majority of topologies can(More)
Calculating protein-protein interaction energies is crucial for understanding protein-protein associations. On the basis of the methodology of mean-field potential, we have developed an empirical approach to estimate binding free energy for protein-protein interactions. This knowledge-based approach has been used to derive distance-dependent free energies(More)
The 3C-like proteinase of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus has been proposed to be a key target for structural-based drug design against SARS. In order to understand the active form and the substrate specificity of the enzyme, we have cloned, expressed, and purified SARS 3C-like proteinase. Analytic gel filtration shows a mixture of(More)
Drugs against multiple targets may overcome the many limitations of single targets and achieve a more effective and safer control of the disease. Numerous high-throughput experiments have been performed in this emerging field. However, systematic identification of multiple drug targets and their best intervention requires knowledge of the underlying disease(More)
We have developed a new version (2.0) of the de novo drug design program LigBuilder. With LigBuilder 2.0, the synthesis accessibility of designed compounds can be analyzed, and a cavity detection procedure is implemented to detect the positions and shapes of the binding sites on the surface of a given protein structure and to quantitatively estimate(More)
A new method is presented to estimate the binding affinity of a protein-ligand complex with known three-dimensional structure. The method, SCORE, uses an empirical scoring function to describe the binding free energy, which includes terms to account for van der Waals contact, metal-ligand bonding, hydrogen bonding, desolvation effect, and deformation(More)