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Outcome measures that reflect patient functioning in a variety of health domains are critical in evaluating the effectiveness of cartilage repair studies and in monitoring the progress of individual patients. Although a number of measures can be identified from the literature, choosing the most appropriate measure requires an understanding of psychometrics.(More)
BACKGROUND This analysis compared diabetes-related adverse events associated with use of different antipsychotic agents. A disproportionality analysis of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) was performed. METHODS Data from the FDA postmarketing AERS database (1968 through first quarter 2004) were evaluated.(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the treatment of hydrocephalus and is associated with significant medical cost. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of antibiotic-impregnated (AI) shunt catheters in reducing CSF shunt infection; however, providers remain reluctant to adopt AI(More)
OBJECT Surgical site infection (SSI) after lumbar fusion results in significant patient morbidity and associated medical resource utilization. Minimally invasive (MI) techniques for posterior/transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (P/TLIF) were introduced with the goals of smaller wounds, less tissue trauma, reduced blood loss, and quicker postoperative(More)
BACKGROUND The possibility that low-dose antipsychotic treatment is associated with increased risk of cerebrovascular events (CVEs) in elderly patients with dementia has been raised. The objective was to determine whether risperidone is associated with an increased risk of CVEs relative to other commonly considered alternative treatments. METHODS An(More)
OBJECT The real-world effectiveness of antibiotic-impregnated shunt catheters to reduce the incidence of shunt infections is still debated. The literature to date consists mostly of small, single-institution studies. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of infection for antibiotic-impregnated catheters (AICs) versus standard shunt catheters in(More)
OBJECT Despite multiple preventive strategies for reducing infection, up to 15% of patients with shunt catheters and 27% of patients with external ventricular drains (EVDs) may develop an infection. There are few data on the cost-effectiveness of measures to prevent hydrocephalus catheter infection from the hospital perspective. The objective of this study(More)
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