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Colloidal gold can be used as an electron-dense cytochemical probe for direct or indirect labelling techniques. Gold markers can be prepared in a size range of 5-150 nm, and show size-dependent shape characteristics and absorption spectra. Size and shape distribution increases with mean particle diameter, with appreciable overlapping between populations of(More)
WT 1, an IgG2a subclass monoclonal antibody, recognizes a human T lineage specific antigen (mol. wt 40,000). This antigen is strongly expressed on thymic T blasts, and on peripheral T cells activated by phytohaemagglutinin, whereas cortical thymocytes and peripheral T cells are moderately positive for WT 1. In contrast, B lymphocytes, myeloid and erythroid(More)
AIMS To investigate the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in Helicobacter pylori infected normal and neoplastic gastroduodenal mucosa, and in established gastric cancer cell lines. METHODS Immunofluorescence techniques were used to localise IL-8 in cryosections of gastric (n = 25) and duodenal (n = 17) endoscopic biopsy specimens an in resected gastric(More)
Four human cell lines were established from biopsy specimens of squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx (TR131 and TR138), tongue (TR126), and buccal mucosa that had infiltrated a lymph node (TR146). All 4 lines readily formed colonies on a plastic substratum, but they were virtually incapable of forming colonies in an anchorage-independent semisolid support(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the work was to establish urothelium as an in vitro model for the study of proliferation, stratification, and differentiation in "complex" epithelia. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Normal human urothelial cells were cultured in a serum-free medium. The effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF), cholera toxin (CT), extracellular calcium and(More)
The phenotype of B lineage cells (TdT+, pre-B, IgM+, IgD-, and IgM+,IgD+) in infant and adult human bone marrow was compared with that of B cells seen in peripheral tissues such as tonsil and blood. The range of B cell-associated antibodies used included four reagents with greater than 90% reactivity on peripheral B cells: RFB4 and To15 (both p135,(More)
The behaviour of keratin filaments during cell division was examined in a wide range of epithelial lines from several species. Almost half of them show keratin disruption as described previously: by immunofluorescence, filaments are replaced during mitosis by a 'speckled' pattern of discrete cytoplasmic dots. In the electron microscope these ' speckles '(More)
Expression of cell surface fibronectin in cultures of untransformed fibroblasts is well documented, but little is known of its presence and distribution in cultured epithelial cells. Using species monospecific anti-fibronectin antibodies, the distribution of fibronectin in untransformed fibroblasts and in normal and neoplastic bladder epithelial cells was(More)
Regeneration of the urothelium is rapid and effective in order to maintain a barrier to urine following tissue injury. Whereas normal human urothelial (NHU) cells are mitotically quiescent and G0 arrested in situ, they rapidly enter the cell cycle upon seeding in primary culture and show reversible growth arrest at confluency. We have used this as a model(More)
The disposition of epithelial cells and extracellular matrix, in the thymus of 8 cases of myasthenia gravis (MG) and in controls (over a wide age range) was studied. In the controls, the subcapsular epithelium was strongly Leu-7-positive in the fetus, negative in childhood, and positive again in adults. Another antibody, RFD4, also labeled the subcapsular(More)