Ludwig Karl von Segesser

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AIMS To critically review the available transcatheter aortic valve implantation techniques and their results, as well as propose recommendations for their use and development. METHODS AND RESULTS A committee of experts including European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery and European Society of Cardiology representatives met to reach a consensus(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass has been used to rewarm victims of accidental deep hypothermia. Unlike other rewarming techniques, it restores organ perfusion immediately in patients with inadequate circulation. This study evaluated the long-term outcome of survivors of accidental deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest who had been rewarmed with(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) reduces death and morbidity compared with open surgical repair for descending thoracic aortic disease. BACKGROUND The role of TEVAR versus open surgery remains unclear. Metaregression can be used to maximally inform adoption of new technologies by(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac preconditioning is thought to be involved in the observed decreased coronary artery reocclusion rate in patients with angina preceding myocardial infarction. We prospectively examined whether preconditioning by sevoflurane would decrease late cardiac events in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin (ET)-1 has potent vascular effects. Two endothelin receptors have been cloned, namely, the ETA receptor, which preferentially binds ET-1, and the ETB receptor, which equally binds ET-1 and ET-3 and preferentially sarafotoxin S6c. We characterized endothelin receptor subtypes on vascular smooth muscle and endothelium of isolated human(More)
Both the internal mammary artery and the saphenous vein are used to construct coronary-artery bypass grafts. We hypothesized that the release or production of endothelium-derived relaxing factor, which regulates blood flow and inhibits platelet function, may differ in venous and arterial grafts. We therefore studied endothelium-dependent relaxation in(More)
The outcomes of cardiovascular operations during pregnancy, at delivery, and post partum were reviewed from published material in the period 1984-1996. Surgery during pregnancy resulted in fetal-neonatal morbidity and mortality of 9% and 30%, respectively, and in maternal morbidity and mortality of 24% and 6%, respectively. Duration of pregnancy at surgery(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperperfusion syndrome (HS) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been related to impaired cerebrovascular autoregulation in a chronically hypoperfused hemisphere. Our aim was to provide new insight into the pathophysiology of the HS using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and(More)
INTRODUCTION to assess the outcome of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) without angiography. MATERIALS/METHODS eighty consecutive patients (median age 69 years (range 25-90): male 72 (90%), female 8 (10%)) underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (AAA 68 (85%), TAA 12 (15%)) using either angiography in 31/80(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The decision to maintain intensive treatment in cardiac surgical patients with poor initial outcome is mostly based on individual experience. The risk scoring systems used in cardiac surgery have no prognostic value for individuals. This study aims to assess (a) factors possibly related to poor survival and functional outcomes in(More)