Ludwig Jonas

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Inhaled ultrafine titanium dioxide (UF-TiO2) particles cause pronounced pulmonary inflammation, in contrast to fine TiO2. Previous studies provide evidence for the production of reactive oxygen species by alveolar macrophages, after overloading with UF-TiO2 particles and cytotoxicity of UF-TiO2 in rat lung alveolar macrophages. UF-TiO2 also causes pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND Nanomaterials are extensively used in industry and daily life, but little is known about possible health effects. An intensified research regarding toxicity of nanomaterials is urgently needed. Several studies have demonstrated that nanoparticles (NPs; diameter < 100 nm) can be transported to the central nervous system; however, interference of(More)
Mitochondria are organelles of all nucleated cells, and variations in mtDNA sequence affect a wide spectrum of human diseases. However, animal models for mtDNA-associated diseases are rare, making it challenging to explore mechanisms underlying the contribution of mitochondria. Here, we identify a polymorphism in the mitochondrial genome, G-to-T at position(More)
BACKGROUND 3D-scaffolds have been shown to direct cell growth and differentiation in many different cell types, with the formation and functionalisation of the 3D-microenviroment being important in determining the fate of the embedded cells. Here we used a hydrogel-based scaffold to investigate the influences of matrix concentration and functionalisation(More)
Neutrophil apoptosis is an important event in the resolution of inflammation. The role of substance P (SP) in neutrophil apoptosis has not been previously investigated. We found that substance P delays apoptosis in neutrophils. Human neutrophils were isolated and cultured up to 24 hours. Apoptosis was detected by light and electron microscopy, as well as(More)
We used sub-micron metal rod decorated surfaces, 'nano-lawn' structures, as a substrate to study cell-to-cell and cell-to-surface interactions of primary murine astrocytes. These cells form thin membranous tubes with diameters of less than 100 nm and a length of several microns, which make contact to neighboring cells and the substrate during(More)
We have recently reported that preconditioning through hyperthermia induces expression of pancreatic heat shock proteins (HSPs) and protects against caerulein pancreatitis. Here, we investigate caerulein-mediated effects on pancreatic HSPs without prior hyperthermia. Caerulein time and dose dependently increased pancreatic mRNA levels of the constitutive(More)
The prevention of the posterior capsule opacification is still unsolved. To interfere with proliferating cells the T-type calcium channel antagonist Mibefradil was immobilized in poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid micro particles which were fixed at a capsular tension ring and tested in a human organ culture model as well as in human lens cells HLE-B3 in vitro.(More)
BACKGROUND Langerhans cells (LC) are bone marrow-derived cells in the skin. The LC donor/recipient chimerism is assumed to influence the incidence and severity of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In nonmyeloablative (NM) HSCT the appearance of acute GVHD is delayed when compared with myeloablative(More)
In preceding papers we demonstrated an inhibitory effect of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA) on the cholecystokinin (CCK) binding to the CCK receptor of rat pancreatic cells and also on the CCK induced Ca2+ release and alpha-amylase secretion in vitro as well as on pancreatic secretion of intact rats in vivo. In the present(More)