Ludwig J. Dubois

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Tumor hypoxia is a common microenvironmental factor that adversely influences tumor phenotype and treatment response. Cellular adaptation to hypoxia occurs through multiple mechanisms, including activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). Recent reports have indicated that hypoxia activates a lysosomal degradation pathway known as autophagy, and here(More)
The unique properties of the tumour microenvironment can be exploited by using recombinant anaerobic clostridial spores as highly selective gene delivery vectors. Although several recombinant Clostridium species have been generated during the past decade, their efficacy has been limited. Our goal was to substantially improve the prospects of clostridia as a(More)
Cancer cells in hypoxic areas of solid tumors are to a large extent protected against the action of radiation as well as many chemotherapeutic drugs. There are, however, two different aspects of the problem caused by tumor hypoxia when cancer therapy is concerned: One is due to the chemical reactions that molecular oxygen enters into therapeutically(More)
UNLABELLED The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is highly expressed in a significant number of human malignancies, and its expression is associated with tumor aggressiveness and overall treatment resistance. The monoclonal antibody cetuximab is increasingly used in clinical settings as a treatment modality in combination with more conventional(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX expression is increased upon hypoxia and has been proposed as a therapeutic target since it has been associated with poor prognosis, tumor progression and pH regulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antitumor activity of a high CAIX-affinity indanesulfonamide (11c) combined with irradiation,(More)
This study aimed to evaluate tumour hypoxia by comparing [18F]Fluoromisonidazole uptake measured using positron emission tomography ([18F]FMISO-PET) with immunohistochemical (IHC) staining techniques. Syngeneic rhabdomyosarcoma (R1) tumour pieces were transplanted subcutaneously in the flanks of WAG/Rij rats. Tumours were analysed at volumes between 0.9 and(More)
Noninvasive PET imaging of tumour hypoxia could help in the selection of those patients who could benefit from chemotherapy or radiation with specific antihypoxic treatments such as bioreductive drugs or hypoxic radiosensitizers. In this phase I trial, we aimed to determine the toxicity of [18F]HX4, a member of the 2-nitroimidazole family, at different dose(More)
Adaptation to tumor hypoxia is mediated in large part by changes in protein expression. These are driven by multiple pathways, including activation of the hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) transcription factor and the PKR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase PERK, a component of the unfolded protein response. Through gene expression profiling we discovered(More)
Hypoxia is a common characteristic of solid tumors and is associated with poor prognosis. Positron emission tomography (PET) can visualize tumor hypoxia in a non-invasive, 3-dimensional manner and can be used to acquire information longitudinally. Multiple 2-nitroimidazole based PET tracers are developed, validated and quantified in the search for the ideal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in a significant percentage of human malignancies and its expression is associated with tumour aggressiveness and treatment resistance. The monoclonal antibody cetuximab (IMC-C225) blocks the ligand-binding domain of EGFR with high affinity, preventing downstream signalling(More)