Ludwig Grill

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The carotenoid biosynthetic pathway in higher plants was manipulated by using an RNA viral vector. A cDNA encoding phytoene synthase and a partial cDNA encoding phytoene desaturase (PDS) were placed under the transcriptional control of a tobamovirus subgenomic promoter. One to two weeks after inoculation, systemically infected Nicotiana benthamiana plants(More)
A series of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-based hybrid vectors for transient gene expression were constructed with similar designs but differing in the source of heterologous tobamovirus sequence: Odontoglossum ringspot virus, tobacco mild green mosaic virus variants U2 and U5, tomato mosaic virus, and sunn-hemp mosaic virus. These vectors contained a(More)
Rapid production of protein-based tumor-specific vaccines for the treatment of malignancies is possible with the plant-based transient expression system described here. We created a modified tobamoviral vector that encodes the idiotype-specific single-chain Fv fragment (scFv) of the immunoglobulin from the 38C13 mouse B cell lymphoma. Infected Nicotiana(More)
Tobamoviral vectors have been developed for the heterologous expression of glycoproteins in plants. The rice alpha-amylase gene (OS103) was placed under the transcriptional control of a tobamovirus subgenomic promoter in a RNA viral vector. One to two weeks after inoculation, transfected Nicotiana benthamiana plants accumulated glycosylated alpha-amylase to(More)
A procedure for rapid, preparative purification of plasmid DNA is described and compared with a conventional equilibrium centrifugation method. A discontinuous, two-step CsCl-ethidium bromide gradient is used, with the starting position of the plasmid-containing extract being at the bottom of the tube. During centrifugation in a fixed angle rotor,(More)
The cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) trait of at least one line of Vicia faba plants is always associated with the presence of high molecular weight double-stranded RNA in the leaf tissue extracts. Subcellular fractions of leaf tissue from CMS and fertile maintainer plants were initially analyzed in an attempt to locate, identify, and characterize the(More)
Molecular hybridization with (125)I-labeled citrus exocortis viroid RNA has been used to survey nucleic acid preparations from Gynura aurantiaca for viroid complementary molecules. A differential hybridization effect was detected between nucleic acid extracts from healthy and infected tissue in which significant RNase-resistant (125)I-labeled citrus(More)
An overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines mediates the damaging sequelae of inflammation in pathologic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, graft-vs-host reaction, cachexia, and sepsis syndrome. We examined the cytokine regulatory activity of synthetic melanin, exemplified by biosynthetic l-glycine-l-tyrosine-based polymer (ME-1) and chemosynthetic(More)
A method is described for the in vitro labelling of viroid RNA for use in hybridization studies. The citrus exocortis viroid (approximately 350 nucleotides) is degraded by hot formamide hydrolysis to fragments ranging from small oligonucleotides to near full lengths, and subsequently labelled to high specific activity by enzymatically attaching 32P to the(More)
The system MONIMIR has been developed to study the coordination of eye, head and arm movements as well as spinal reflexes in microgravity and was used during three spaceflights on board of the station MIR. The following investigations in the course of the experiment MONIMIR were performed: (1) slow head movements in three planes, (2.3) fast pointing(More)