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Active transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm involves primarily three classes of macromolecules: substrates, adaptors, and receptors. Some transport substrates bind directly to an import or an export receptor while others require one or more adaptors to mediate formation of a receptor-substrate complex. Once assembled, these transport complexes are(More)
BACKGROUND The transport of macromolecules between the nucleus and cytoplasm is an energy-dependent process. Substrates are translocated across the nuclear envelope through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Translocation requires nucleocytoplasmic transport receptors of the importin beta family, which interact both with the NPC and, either directly or via an(More)
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