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Genome-wide association studies have reported an association between the A-allele of rs1006737 within CACNA1C and affective disorders and schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between rs1006737 and established and potential endophenotypes for these disorders in a population-based cohort of 3793 subjects, using an(More)
This paper proposes a general approach for handling multiple contrast tests for normally distributed data in the presence of heteroscedasticity. Three candidate procedures are described and compared by simulations. Only the procedure with both comparison-specific degrees of freedom and a correlation matrix depending on sample variances maintains the(More)
Simultaneous confidence intervals for contrasts of means in a one-way layout with several independent samples are well established for Gaussian distributed data. Procedures addressing different hypotheses are available, such as all pairwise comparisons or comparisons to control, comparison with average, or different tests for order-restricted alternatives.(More)
Developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) and many forms of reproductive toxicity (RT) often manifest themselves in functional deficits that are not necessarily based on cell death, but rather on minor changes relating to cell differentiation or communication. The fields of DNT/RT would greatly benefit from in vitro tests that allow the identification of(More)
Inferential test strategies for multi-arm trials are adapted or proposed for the special situation when more than one dose of a test treatment, placebo and active control(s) are compared. This includes between doses, dose-placebo and dose-active-control comparisons. The procedures refer to situations when detailed comparisons make sense only if the(More)
Statistical association between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotype and a quantitative trait in genome-wide association studies is usually assessed using a linear regression model, or, in the case of non-normally distributed trait values, using the Kruskal-Wallis test. While linear regression models assume an additive mode of inheritance via(More)
Recently, Stewart and Ruberg proposed the use of contrast tests for detecting dose-response relationships. They considered in particular bivariate contrasts for healing rates and gave several possibilities of defining adequate sets of coefficients. This paper extends their work in several directions. First, asymptotic power expressions for both single and(More)
The Cochran-Armitage (CA) linear trend test for proportions is often used for genotype-based analysis of candidate gene association. Depending on the underlying genetic mode of inheritance, the use of model-specific scores maximises the power. Commonly, the underlying genetic model, i.e. additive, dominant or recessive mode of inheritance, is a priori(More)