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BACKGROUND Carotid stenting is a potential alternative to carotid endarterectomy but whether this technique is as safe as surgery and whether the long-term protection against stroke is similar to that of surgery are unclear. We previously reported that in patients in the Endarterectomy Versus Angioplasty in Patients with Symptomatic Severe Carotid Stenosis(More)
AIMS To determine the prognostic value of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction assessed by echocardiography or spiral computed tomography (CT), or by increased levels of cardiac biomarkers [troponin, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and pro-BNP] in patients with haemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS AND RESULTS We included all studies(More)
BACKGROUND Phase I clinical studies have demonstrated the feasibility of implanting autologous skeletal myoblasts in postinfarction scars. However, they have failed to determine whether this procedure was functionally effective and arrhythmogenic. METHODS AND RESULTS This multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study included patients(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to compare treatment effect estimates from NRSs with PS analysis and RCTs of surgery. BACKGROUND Evaluating a surgical procedure in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is challenging. Nonrandomized studies (NRSs) involving use of propensity score (PS) analysis to limit bias are of increasing interest. DESIGN Meta-epidemiological(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether tumor perfusion parameters assessed by using dynamic contrast material-enhanced computed tomography (CT) could help predict and detect response in patients receiving antiangiogenic therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional ethics committee approval and informed consent were obtained. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare estimates of intervention effects between single centre and multicentre randomised controlled trials with continuous outcomes. DESIGN Meta-epidemiological study. DATA SOURCES 26 meta-analyses totalling 292 randomised controlled trials (177 single centre, 115 multicentre) with continuous outcomes published between January 2007 and(More)
BACKGROUND In metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), antiangiogenic treatments rarely achieve a reduction of -30% in the sum of longest diameters (SLD) of target lesions required by RECIST for an 'objective response', although they objectively improve progression-free survival (PFS). We sought to determine a threshold for the computed tomography evaluation(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise or physical activity is recommended for improving pain and functional status in people with knee or hip osteoarthritis. These are complex interventions whose effectiveness depends on one or more components that are often poorly identified. It has been suggested that health benefits may be greater with high-intensity rather than(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to systematically review the research on volume and outcome relationships in critical care. METHODS From January 1, 2001, to April 30, 2014, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for studies assessing the relationship between admission volume and clinical outcomes in critical illness. Bibliographies were reviewed to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Refractory celiac disease (RCD) was recently subdivided into 2 subtypes (RCD I and II) based on a normal or abnormal phenotype of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), respectively. It is not clear, however, if these 2 entities differ in their presentation at diagnosis or long-term outcome. We compared the clinical and biological(More)