Ludovic Micallef

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The keratinocyte growth and differentiation switch, tightly regulated by several mechanisms, is generally associated with decreased proliferation, cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase and expression of epidermal differentiation markers, such as keratin 1 (K1), keratin 10 (K10) and involucrin. In vitro, the spontaneously immortalized human keratinocyte cell line(More)
Myofibroblasts play a key role in the wound-healing process, promoting wound closure and matrix deposition. These cells normally disappear from granulation tissue by apoptosis after wound closure, but under some circumstances, they persist and may contribute to pathological scar formation. Myofibroblast differentiation and apoptosis are both modulated by(More)
Myofibroblasts differentiate, invade and repair injured tissues by secreting and organizing the extracellular matrix and by developing contractile forces. When tissues are damaged, tissue homeostasis must be re-established, and repair mechanisms have to rapidly provide harmonious mechanical tissue organization, a process essentially supported by(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a heterogeneous population of fibroblast-like cells, which are present in different locations, including bone marrow, adipose tissue, extra-foetal tissues, gingiva and dermis. MSCs, which present multipotency capacities, important expansive potential and immunotolerance properties, remain an attractive tool for tissue(More)
The spontaneously immortalized human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT is widely used as a human keratinocyte model. In a previous comparative study between normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) and HaCaT, we reported that Ca2+ concentrations greater than 1mM induced differentiation in vitro in both cell types, notably characterized by increased expression of(More)
Melanoma is one of the most aggressive forms of cancer with a continuously growing incidence worldwide and is usually resistant to chemotherapy agents, which is due in part to a strong resistance to apoptosis. The resistance mechanisms are complex and melanoma cells may have diverse possibilities for regulating apoptosis to generate apoptotic deficiencies.(More)
A new anti-cancer drug delivery system, based on gold nanoparticles, has been designed for hydrophobic active compounds. The system is a conjugate of gold/polyethyleneimine (AuNPs/PEI) nanoparticles and sulphated β-cyclodextrin (CD). Anionic cyclodextrin was attached to the positively charged AuNPs/PEI nanoparticles by ionic bonds. Tanshinone IIA and(More)
Differentiation therapy could be one strategy for stopping cancer cell proliferation. A plant steroid, diosgenin, is known to induce megakaryocytic differentiation in human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells. In recent studies, the use of sedimentation field-flow fractionation (SdFFF) allowed the preparation of subpopulations that may differ in regard to(More)
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