Ludovic Guillemot

Learn More
A cornerstone of Einstein's special relativity is Lorentz invariance-the postulate that all observers measure exactly the same speed of light in vacuum, independent of photon-energy. While special relativity assumes that there is no fundamental length-scale associated with such invariance, there is a fundamental scale (the Planck scale, l(Planck)(More)
Pulsars are born with subsecond spin periods and slow by electromagnetic braking for several tens of millions of years, when detectable radiation ceases. A second life can occur for neutron stars in binary systems. They can acquire mass and angular momentum from their companions, to be spun up to millisecond periods and begin radiating again. We searched(More)
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gammaray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB(More)
Energetic young pulsars and expanding blast waves [supernova remnants (SNRs)] are the most visible remains after massive stars, ending their lives, explode in core-collapse supernovae. The Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope has unveiled a radio quiet pulsar located near the center of the compact synchrotron nebula inside the supernova remnant CTA 1. The(More)
Pulsars are rapidly rotating, highly magnetized neutron stars emitting radiation across the electromagnetic spectrum. Although there are more than 1800 known radio pulsars, until recently only seven were observed to pulse in gamma rays, and these were all discovered at other wavelengths. The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) makes it possible to pinpoint(More)
We report the detection of gamma-ray emissions above 200 megaelectron volts at a significance level of 17sigma from the globular cluster 47 Tucanae, using data obtained with the Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Globular clusters are expected to emit gamma rays because of the large populations of millisecond pulsars that they(More)
In this paper, we present a new bit allocation procedure based on the approximation of the rate distortion (R-D) functions provided by our efficient lattice vector quantizer with pyramidal dead zone (DZLVQ). Here, we show that DZLVQ R-D functions can be efficiently fitted by an exponential model. This property leads to an analytical solution to the bit(More)
The problem of the design of a joint watermarking and compression (JWC) scheme allowing an efficient variable rate coding is addressed here. We have proposed in previous works a method, called modulated lattice vector quantization (MLVQ), based on dither modulation and lattice vector quantization (LVQ) and have shown experimentally its good performances. In(More)
Here we propose a new blockwise Rate-Distortion (R-D) model dedicated to lattice vector quantization (LVQ) of sparse and structured signals. We first show that the clustering properties leads to a distribution of the norm L<sup>&#x03B1;</sup> of source vectors close to a mixture of Gamma density. From this issue, we derive the joint distribution of vectors(More)