Ludmila Tučková

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Commensal microflora (normal microflora, indigenous microbiota) consists of those micro-organisms, which are present on body surfaces covered by epithelial cells and are exposed to the external environment (gastrointestinal and respiratory tract, vagina, skin, etc.). The number of bacteria colonising mucosal and skin surfaces exceeds the number of cells(More)
Celiac disease is a chronic inflammatory disease developing in genetically predisposed individuals. Ingested gliadin, the triggering agent of the disease, can cross the epithelial barrier and elicit a harmful T cell-mediated immune response. Dendritic cells (DC) are supposed to play a pivotal role in shaping the immune response. The direction of the immune(More)
Metagenomic approaches are currently being used to decipher the genome of the microbiota (microbiome), and, in parallel, functional studies are being performed to analyze the effects of the microbiota on the host. Gnotobiological methods are an indispensable tool for studying the consequences of bacterial colonization. Animals used as models of human(More)
Macrophages play an important role in effector mechanisms of various chronic inflammatory diseases. We studied the effect of gluten, the agent inducing celiac disease, and other food antigens on the activation of macrophages. Nitric oxide (NO) and cytokine production were followed as markers of activation, using cultured murine peritoneal macrophages. None(More)
To elucidate the role of innate immune responses in celiac disease, we investigated the effect of gliadin on blood monocytes from patients with celiac disease. Gliadin induced substantial TNF-α and IL-8 production by monocytes from patients with active celiac disease, lower levels by monocytes from patients with inactive celiac disease, and even lower(More)
One of the characteristic features of celiac disease is an increase in anti-gliadin antibodies (Abs). Recently we found that some of the monoclonal Abs to gliadin cross-react with molecules on rat enterocytes. One of these cross-reacting molecules was identified as rat calreticulin. This study shows that the levels of serum IgA Abs to gliadin, rat, and(More)
There is an increasing evidence that unilateral nerve injury induces cellular and molecular changes in the associated DRG not only on the ipsilateral but also in the contralateral side. In this investigation, ED-1+ macrophages were quantified by image analysis in the naïve L5 DRG (nDRG) and compared with the ipsi- and contralateral ones 2 and 4 weeks after(More)
Wheat belongs to six major food allergens inducing IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction manifesting as cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and respiratory symptoms. Although cereals are a staple food item in most diets, only a few wheat proteins causing hypersensitivity have been identified. To characterize wheat allergens, salt-soluble wheat extracts were(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-responsive, chronic inflammatory enteropathy. IL-1 cytokine family members IL-1β and IL-18 have been associated with the inflammatory conditions in CD patients. However, the mechanisms of IL-1 molecule activation in CD have not yet been elucidated. We show in this study that peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and(More)
Immunostimulatory properties of gram-positive Bacillus firmus were investigated under in vitro conditions using murine peritoneal macrophages. B. firmus stimulated in a concentration and time dependent manner the secretion of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), but it had no influence upon interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and(More)