Ludmila N Zakomirdina

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Bacterial tyrosine phenol-lyase [EC] and tryptophan indole-lyase [EC] are pyridoxal 5′-phosphate dependent β-eliminating lyases that catalyze the reversible decomposition of L-tyrosine and L-tryptophan to pyruvate, ammonia, and phenol or indole, respectively. This review considers the three-dimensional structures of the holoenzymes of(More)
In the spatial structure of tryptophanase from Proteus vulgaris the guanidinium group of arginine 226 forms a salt bridge with the 3′-oxygen atom of the coenzyme. The replacement of arginine 226 with alanine using site-directed mutagenesis reduced the affinity of the coenzyme for the protein by one order of magnitude compared to the wild-type enzyme. The(More)
Tyr72 is located at the active site of tryptophanase (Trpase) from Proteus vulgaris. For the wild-type Trpase Tyr72 might be considered as the general acid catalyst at the stage of elimination of the leaving groups. The replacement of Tyr72 by Phe leads to a decrease in activity for L-tryptophan by 50,000-fold and to a considerable rearrangement of the(More)
Crystal structures of Citrobacter freundii methionine γ-lyase complexes with the substrates of γ-(L-1-amino-3-methylthiopropylphosphinic acid) and β-(S-ethyl-L-cysteine) elimination reactions and the competitive inhibitor L-nor-leucine have been determined at 1.45, 1.8, and 1.63 Å resolution, respectively. All three amino acids occupy the active site of the(More)
An efficient method for purification of recombinant tryptophanase from Proteus vulgaris was developed. Catalytic properties of the enzyme in reactions with L-tryptophan and some other substrates as well as competitive inhibition by various amino acids in the reaction with S-o-nitrophenyl-L-cysteine were studied. Absorption and circular dichroism spectra of(More)
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