Ludmila Martínková

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A large number of aromatic compounds and organic nitriles, the two groups of compounds covered in this review, are intermediates, products, by-products or waste products of the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, agriculture and the processing of fossil fuels. The majority of these synthetic substances (xenobiotics) are toxic and their release and(More)
Aspergillus niger K10 cultivated on 2-cyanopyridine produced high levels of an intracellular nitrilase, which was partially purified (18.6-fold) with a 24% yield. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme was highly homologous with that of a putative nitrilase from Aspergillus fumigatus Af293. The enzyme was copurified with two proteins, the(More)
2-Cyanopyridine proved to act as a powerful nitrilase inducer in Aspergillus niger K10, Fusarium solani O1, Fusarium oxysporum CCF 1414, Fusarium oxysporum CCF 483 and Penicillium multicolor CCF 2244. Valeronitrile also enhanced the nitrilase activity in most of the strains. The highest nitrilase activities were produced by fungi cultivated in a Czapek-Dox(More)
This review deals with polyketides produced by the filamentous fungusMonascus which include: 1) a group of yellow, orange and red pigments, 2) a group of antihypercholesterolemic agents including mevinolin and related compounds and 3) the newly discovered metabolite ankalactone. Biosynthesis, methods of production, isolation and biological activities of(More)
Of the numerous putative fungal nitrilases available from protein databases only a few enzymes were purified and characterized. The purified nitrilases from Fusarium solani, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis and Aspergillus niger share a preference for (hetero)aromatic nitriles, temperature optima between 40 and 50 degrees C and pH optima in the slightly(More)
The soil actinobacteria Rhodococcus rhodochrous PA-34, Rhodococcus sp. NDB 1165 and Nocardia globerula NHB-2 grown in the presence of isobutyronitrile exhibited nitrilase activities towards benzonitrile (approx. 1.1–1.9 U mg−1 dry cell weight). The resting cell suspensions eliminated benzonitrile and the benzonitrile analogues chloroxynil(More)
Numbers of biologically active compounds are glycosides. Sometimes, the glycosidic residue is crucial for their activity, in other cases glycosylation only improves pharmacokinetic parameters. Recent developments in molecular glycobiology brought better understanding to the aglycone vs. glycoside activities, and made possible to develop new, more active or(More)
Rhodococcus equi A4 cells containing a nitrile hydratase and an amidase converted (R,S)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-propionitrile into the corresponding (S)-acid (e.e. 87%) and (R)-nitrile (e.e. > 95%) in 49% yield. The same reaction using (R,S)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-propionitrile gave the (S)-acid (e.e. > 95%) and (R)-nitrile (e.e. 52%) in 20 and 34% yield,(More)
The operational stabilities of nitrilases from Aspergillus niger K10 and Fusarium solani O1 were examined with 4-cyanopyridine as the substrate in continuous-stirred membrane reactors (CSMRs). The former enzyme was fairly stable at 30 °C with a deactivation constant (k d) and enzyme half-life of 0.014 h−1 and 50 h, respectively, but the latter exhibited an(More)