Ludmila I Kramarova

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To explain the distinctive pharmacological profiles observed for adrenergic stimulation of cell proliferation (beta1) and cell differentiation (beta3), the adrenergic control of cAMP accumulation was investigated during brown adipocyte development. In preadipocytes, norepinephrine (NE) increased cAMP levels but the beta3-agonists BRL-37344 and CGP-12177 did(More)
Stimulation of DNA and protein synthesis in brown preadipocytes by 1 microM neokyotorphin in serum-containing media was comparable with the effect of 1 microM norepinephrine. In serum-free medium a decrease and a shift of the maximal effect to lower concentration of neokyotorphin were observed. Kyotorphin had no effect on cell proliferation in either(More)
A fraction with mol wt < 1 kDa was obtained from the brown fat of hibernating ground squirrels (Citellus undulatus) by means of delipidization, acid extraction, ultracentrifugation and ultrafiltration. This fraction suppressed the proliferation of mouse lymph node cells under standard mitogenic stimuli for T lymphocytes. In contrast, the fraction with mol(More)
The ligand-binding characteristics (B(max) and K(D)) of alpha(1)- and beta(1)/beta(2)-adrenoceptors were investigated in membranes prepared from brown adipose tissue (BAT) of warm-acclimated, cold-acclimated, hibernating and arousing ground squirrels (Spermophillus undulatus) and hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) by specific binding of [(3)H]prazosin and(More)
Low molecular mass components of the acetic acid extract from the small intestine of hibernating ground squirrels (Citellus undulatus) produced a decrease in oxygen consumption and body temperature of white mice and a dose-dependent delay in embryonic development of sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus intermedius). Equivalent doses of low molecular mass(More)
Studies have been made on a possibility of inducing a prolonged hypothermia by injections to albino mice of a fraction with a molecular mass 1-10 KD isolated from the small intestine of hibernating ground squirrels. Specific conditions for the onset of hibernation (hypoxia, hypercapnia, temperature) were simulated. Exposure of mice to hypoxia and(More)
The micropuncture technique and X-ray microanalyses were used to evaluate Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl and fluid transport in the early distal tubule mediated by low-molecular fractions isolated from the intestine of the hibernating ground squirrel (HSI). Perfusion of intertubular capillaries with a solution containing HSI with a molecular weight of 1-10 kD (0.1(More)