Ludger Witte

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The Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge (SPNWR) near Cherokee, Oklahoma, contains a barren salt flat where Permian brine rises to the surface and evaporates under dry conditions to leave a crust of white salt. Rainfall events dissolve the salt crust and create ephemeral streams and ponds. The rapidly changing salinity and high surface temperatures,(More)
Platyphora boucardi leaf-beetles sequester tertiary pyrrolizidine alkaloids of the lycopsamine type acquired from their host-plant Prestonia portobellensis (Apocynaceae) and synthesize their own alkaloids from exogenous retronecine and aliphatic 2-hydroxy acids. Tracer studies with [14C]rinderine and its N-oxide revealed that P. boucardi sequesters both(More)
The Great Salt Plains of Oklahoma is a natural inland terrestrial hypersaline environment that forms evaporite crusts of mainly NaCl. Previous work described the bacterial community through the characterization of 105 isolates from 46 phylotypes. The current report describes the archaeal community through both microbial isolation and culture-independent(More)
Root cultures of Senecio vulgaris, S. vernalis, S. erucifolius and S. squalidus were established. The patterns of pyrrolizidine alkaloids found in these root cultures were analyzed by high-resolution GC and GC-MS and compared with the alkaloids present in the respective plants. In vitro cultured roots produce alkaloid patterns and accumulate quantities(More)
The patterns of quinolizidine alkaloids in cell cultures of 10 species of Fabaceae were analyzed by high-resolution GLC and GLC-MS and compared with the alkaloids present in the leaves of the respective plants. Lupanine was produced in all 10 cell suspension cultures as the main alkaloid. It was accompanied by sparteine, tetrahydrorhombifoline,(More)
In 11 species of the flea beetle genus Longitarsus we investigated whether the insects sequester the pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) present in their host plants of the families Asteraceae and Boraginaceae. In all cases where PAs could be detected in the leaves of the local host plant, they could also be detected in the corresponding beetles. In one host(More)
Four extracellular glycolipids produced under growth-limiting conditions were isolated from the culture broth of Pseudomonas spec. DSM 2874. After purification by column and thick-layer chromatography they were identified as anionic rhamnolipids. 1H and 13C-NMR studies showed that two of these, beta(beta(2-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy)decanoyl)decanoic acid(More)
Field collected exocrine defensive secretions of nine neotropical Platyphora species were analyzed for the presence of plant acquired pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) and pentacyclic triterpene saponins. All species secrete saponins. In addition, five species feeding on Tournefortia (Boraginaceae), Koanophyllon (Asteraceae, tribe Eupatorieae) and Prestonia(More)
ORTHOSIPHON ARISTATUS (Orthosiphonis folium DAB 9) was studied with regard to its phenolic constituents. Twenty compounds were isolated and identified on the basis of their spectral characteristics. The compounds included nine lipophilic flavones, two flavonol glycosides, and nine caffeic acid derivatives. The presence of the recently reported(More)