Ludger Leifeld

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CC-chemokines recruit and activate macrophages and T lymphocytes, the major components of inflammatory infiltrates in fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). To analyse the role of CC-chemokines in the pathogenesis of FHF, this study examined serum levels and intrahepatic expression of MCP-1, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and RANTES in the livers and sera of patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Portal hypertension in cirrhosis is mediated in part by increased intrahepatic resistance, reflecting an increased sensitivity of the hepatic microvasculature to vasoconstrictors. Activation of the RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway is essential for contraction of vascular smooth muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate RhoA/Rho-kinase(More)
In murine models, overexpression of interleukin (IL)-12 and interferon (IFN)-gamma can induce severe liver damage, whereas IL-10 has anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective properties. To analyze the potential role of these cytokines in human fulminant hepatitis B, we used immunohistochemistry to study expression of IL-12, IFN-gamma, and IL-10 in explant(More)
Impaired activity of natural killer cells has been proposed as a mechanism contributing to viral persistence in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Natural cytotoxicity is regulated by interactions of HLA-E with inhibitory CD94/NKG2A receptors on natural killer (NK) cells. Here, we studied whether HCV core encodes peptides that bind to HLA-E and inhibit(More)
Urotensin II [U-II] plasma levels are increased in liver cirrhosis [LC] and are discussed as an important mediator of portal hypertension since the U-II antagonist palosuran has beneficial effects on portal hypertension by increasing splanchnic resistance. Nevertheless, no data are available on the intrahepatic expression of U-II and its receptor [UT] in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha/TNF receptor system is critical for liver development because hepatocytes undergo apoptosis if the antiapoptotic cascades resulting in RelA NF-kappaB activation are not effective. Therefore, we studied the role of TNF-alpha in fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) and developed a new therapeutic strategy. (More)
The contribution of the acute phase inducer interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the pathogenesis of liver diseases is yet unclear. Our analysis showed enhanced expression of IL-6 in livers derived from patients with acute and chronic liver diseases. Additionally, IL-6 plasma levels were significantly increased in patients with chronic liver diseases and showed an(More)
Type I interferons, which are mostly alpha-interferons (either as single agents or in combination with antiviral drugs), are currently the standard therapy for chronic viral hepatitis B, B/D, and C. Side-effects are not uncommon and include exacerbation of pre-existing autoimmune disorders or the de novo induction of autoimmunity. These adverse effects are(More)
OBJECTIVE CD40, a member of the tumour necrosis factor receptor family, plays a major role in adaptive immune responses and contributes to cancer surveillance. Conflicting results have been reported recently on the expression and function of CD40 in carcinomas. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of CD40 in human hepatoma. (More)