Learn More
This study provides the first pan-European reconnaissance of the occurrence of polar organic persistent pollutants in European ground water. In total, 164 individual ground-water samples from 23 European Countries were collected and analysed (among others) for 59 selected organic compounds, comprising pharmaceuticals, antibiotics, pesticides (and their(More)
In the year 2010, effluents from 90 European wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) were analyzed for 156 polar organic chemical contaminants. The analyses were complemented by effect-based monitoring approaches aiming at estrogenicity and dioxin-like toxicity analyzed by in vitro reporter gene bioassays, and yeast and diatom culture acute toxicity optical(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), a structurally diverse group of environmental pollutants, are effective promoters in two-stage cancer models, which implies that epigenetic mechanisms are involved. Inhibition of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) belongs among critical epigenetic events of tumor promotion. We determined the relative(More)
Activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) by 30 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was determined in the chemical-activated luciferase expression (CALUX) assay, using two exposure times (6 and 24h), in order to reflect the metabolization of PAHs. AhR-inducing potencies of PAHs were expressed as induction equivalency factors (IEFs) relative to(More)
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a newly emerging carcinogenic alkaloid originally identified in tropical cyanobacteria Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. Some recent studies reported production of this toxin also by other cyanobacteria in European countries. Here we report comparison of the immunochemical ELISA determination with the liquid chromatography/mass(More)
Reproductive dysfunction in wildlife populations can be a result of environmental contaminants binding to aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) or estrogenic receptors. Signaling by both types of receptors can be affected by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are potential endocrine disruptors. However, our knowledge regarding the effects of(More)
Toxic effects of many persistent organic pollutants (e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls or polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans) are mediated via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Although polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their derivatives also activate AhR, their toxic effects remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, we used(More)
Microcystins (MCs) are primarily hepatotoxins produced by cyanobacteria and are responsible for intoxication in humans and animals. There are many incidents of chronic exposure to MCs, which have been attributed to the inappropriate treatment of water supplies or contaminated food. Using RAW 264.7 macrophages, we showed the potency of microcystin-LR (MC-LR)(More)
Extracts of sediment samples collected from the Morava River and its tributaries (Czech Republic) were examined for mutagenic, dioxin-like, and estrogenic activities. Moreover, the human leukemic HL-60 cell line was tested as a potential model for the detection of effects of environmental contaminants on cell proliferation and differentiation processes.(More)
A novel bioassay with the human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line H295R can be used to screen for endocrine disrupting chemicals that affect the expression of genes important in steroidogenesis. This assay was employed to study the effects of organic contaminants associated with the freshwater pond sediments collected in the Ostrava-Karvina region, Czech(More)