Lucyna Mastalerz

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Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most common causes of adverse drug reactions. Majority of them are of the hypersensitivity type. The two frequent clinical presentations of aspirin hypersensitivity are: aspirin-induced bronchial asthma/rhinosinusitis (AIA/R) and aspirin-induced urticaria/angioedema (AIU). The(More)
BACKGROUND Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can precipitate adverse reactions in two apparently different clinical conditions: bronchial asthma and chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU). Recent evidence indicates that the reactions are triggered by the drugs that inhibit cyclooxygenase-1 but not cyclooxygenase-2. OBJECTIVE To(More)
From bronchoprovocation studies and investigations of the acute effects of drugs that inhibit leukotrienes (LT), the hypothesis has emerged that leukotrienes are important mediators of airway obstruction and other symptoms in aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA). However, it has yet not been shown if subjects with AIA respond favorably to clinical treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Montelukast, a cysteinyl-leukotriene receptor antagonist, was reported to have a protective effect against exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) is characterized by overproduction of cysteinyl-leukotrienes. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to compare the response to exercise and the effect of montelukast on(More)
BACKGROUND The high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin-E (IgE) (FcepsilonRI) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of allergy, but there are only two published studies on its alpha subunit (FcepsilonRIalpha) genetic variability in allergic diseases. AIMS OF THE STUDY Mutational screening in the region of the FcepsilonRIalpha gene promoter and the first(More)
We performed a double-blind, two-phase study on protective and bronchodilator effects of prostaglandins E2 and E1 (PGE2, PGE1) and salbutamol in patients with aspirin-induced asthma (AIA). In phase 1 we assessed the effects of pretreatment with PGE2, salbutamol, or the PGE1-analogue, misoprostol, on bronchoconstriction precipitated by inhalation of L-lysine(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that altered blood coagulation and fibrinolysis are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. Increased thromboembolic risk has been reported in asthmatics. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether enhanced thrombin generation and impaired fibrinolysis occur in asthmatics. METHODS Plasma thrombin generation profile together with a(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophilopoetic cytokine IL-5 enhances cysteinyl-leukotriene (cys-LT) synthesis in eosinophils in vitro. In patients with aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) bronchial biopsies revealed eosinophil infiltration and a marked increase in IL-5 positive cells. OBJECTIVE We wondered whether in AIA patients the bronchial IL-5 increase is reflected in(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) exacerbate various forms of urticaria by a nonallergic mechanism involving inhibition of cyclooxygenases. OBJECTIVES To assess safety of cyclooxygenase inhibitors in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) and NSAID sensitivity and to evaluate a role of cysteinyl leukotriene metabolism and(More)
Aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) is a clinical syndrome related to cysteinyl leukotriene overproduction in airways. The confirmation of the diagnosis requires inconvenient provocation tests with acetyl salicylic acid (ASA). A study was performed to evaluate whether measurement in vitro of cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs) release by isolated peripheral blood(More)