Lucyna Alicja Wozniak

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The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) belong to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. To date, three different PPAR isotypes, namely PPAR-α, -δ, and -γ, have been identified in vertebrates and have distinct patterns of tissue distribution. Like all nuclear receptors, the human PPAR-γ (hPPAR-γ) is characterized by a modular structure(More)
Obesity, defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation, is currently believed to be a major public health problem worldwide. Over the past 20 years, the prevalence of obesity has increased rapidly in both industrialized and developing countries, resulting in a considerably increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome.(More)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a glucose intolerance of varying severity with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The prevalence of GDM is growing rapidly worldwide, resulting in numerous and serious complications for both mother and foetus. Two major metabolic disorders, insulin resistance and β cells dysfunction, are currently(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in the presence of O(2) by mitochondria, phagocytic cells, peroxisomes, and cytochrome P450 enzymes under physiological conditions, may play a dual function in the human organism. On the one hand, they participate in cell signal transduction cascades, leading to the activation of some transcription factors responsible(More)
INTRODUCTION Adenosine receptors (ARs), belonging to the G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), are present in the majority of human cells and tissues. Depending on their biochemical and pharmacologic properties, four subtypes of ARs (i.e. A₁, A(2A), A(2B), and A₃) have been distinguished. Currently, these receptors are attractive molecular targets for(More)
The human SIRT1 is a nuclear enzyme from the class III histone deacetylases (HDACs) which is widely distributed in mammalian tissues. A variety of SIRT1 substrates hints that this protein is involved in the regulation of diverse biological processes, including cell survival, apoptosis, gluconeogenesis, adipogenesis, lipolysis, stress resistance, muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosine receptors denoted by A1 , A2A , A2B , and A3 and encoded by ADORA1, ADORA2A, ADORA2B, and ADORA3 genes, respectively, are adenosine-activated G-protein-coupled receptors that play an important role in obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, little is known about their significance in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The(More)
Proteins that bind to specific sites on DNA often do so in order to carry out catalysis or specific protein-protein interaction while bound to the recognition site. Functional specificity is enhanced if this second function is coupled to correct DNA site recognition. To analyze the structural and energetic basis of coupling between recognition and catalysis(More)
INTRODUCTION An increasing body of evidence has linked diabetes to inflammation. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta (PI3-K delta), a member of the PI3K class IA family, has been implicated in the regulation of inflammation since it is predominantly expressed in leukocytes. To date, no information has been available on the relationship of leukocyte(More)
Chemoselective and stereospecific O-activation of 2'-deoxynucleoside 3'-O-methylphosphonothioates 5 with N-methyl-N-4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl morpholinium salts results in formation with retention of configuration of 5'-O-DMT-2'-deoxynucleoside 3'-O-(4,6 dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl methylphosphonothioates (7). Active esters 7 are convenient(More)