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At least three human cytomegalovirus polypeptides are targets for virus neutralizing antibody; a single protein of 86,000 molecular weight (p86) and two coimmunoprecipitating proteins of 130,000 and 55,000 molecular weight (p130/55). These polypeptides have been isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography and tested for immunogenicity in guinea pigs.(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA copy number in white blood cells from both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seronegative and HIV-seropositive patients was amplified from the immediate-early region of CMV DNA and quantified by colorimetric detection of the hybridization of the amplification product to a detector oligonucleotide probe in microtiter wells.(More)
A quantitative DNA amplification assay for human cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA has been used to evaluate the relationship between quantities of CMV DNA in plasma and those in infected leukocytes (WBC) from human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. The target sequence for DNA amplification was a region of the immediate-early 1 gene of CMV. The quantitation(More)
Murine monoclonal antibodies to human cytomegalovirus (CMV) strain AD169 were selected that neutralized virus infectivity. One monoclonal antibody-producing hybridoma, 1G6, was used to produce ascites fluid from which immunoglobulin was isolated. This antibody efficiently neutralized CMV AD169, other laboratory strains (Towne, Davis), and clinical isolates(More)
Murine monoclonal antibodies were produced which coimmunoprecipitated, under reducing conditions, 130,000- and 55,000-dalton (Da) polypeptides from cells infected with human cytomegalovirus (CMV) strain AD169. A 92,000-Da species, possibly a biosynthetic intermediate, was also detectable. One of the monoclonal antibodies, 15D8, neutralized CMV AD169 only in(More)
The cellular transcription factors Sp1 and NF-kappaB were upregulated shortly after the binding of purified live or UV-inactivated human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) to the cell surface. The rapid time frame of transcription factor induction is similar to that seen in other systems in which cellular factors are induced following receptor-ligand engagement. This(More)
86 patients with lymphoma were evaluated prospectively for clinical and laboratory evidence of recurrent varicella-zoster, herpes simplex, and cytomegalovirus infections during the first 16 mo of treatment. Cellular immunity to the viral antigens was measured by in vitro lymphocyte transformation and interferon production. Antibody titers and nonspecific(More)
The UL74 (glycoprotein O [gO])-UL75 (gH)-UL115 (gL) complex of human cytomegalovirus (CMV), known as the gCIII complex, is likely to play an important role in the life cycle of the virus. The gH and gL proteins have been associated with biological activities, such as the induction of virus-neutralizing antibody, cell-virus fusion, and cell-to-cell spread of(More)
The gene encoding glycoprotein B of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) strain Towne was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in order to study potential targets for viral neutralization. Secondary structure analysis of the 907 amino acid protein predicted a 24 amino acid N-terminal signal sequence and a potential transmembrane region composed of two domains, 34 and 21(More)
Human cytomegalovirus isolates were analyzed, both by restriction fragment-length polymorphism typing and by sequencing for intra- and intergenic variability at 9 sites on the genome, to determine whether genetic variation influenced disease outcome and whether linkage among genes could be identified. Variation at the UL55 (glycoprotein B [gB]), UL74 (gO),(More)