Lucy Marzban

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Islet amyloid, formed by aggregation of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP; amylin), is a pathological characteristic of the pancreas in type 2 diabetes and may contribute to the progressive loss of beta-cells in this disease. We tested the hypothesis that impaired processing of the IAPP precursor proIAPP contributes to amyloid formation and cell death. GH3(More)
Islet amyloid, which is mainly composed of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP), is a pathological characteristic of type 2 diabetes and also forms in cultured and transplanted islets. We used islet beta cells as well as two ex vivo models of islet amyloid formation, cultured human islets and hIAPP-expressing transgenic mouse islets with or without beta(More)
Islet amyloid is a pathologic characteristic of the pancreas in type 2 diabetes comprised mainly of the beta-cell peptide islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP; amylin). We used a pulse-chase approach to investigate the kinetics of processing and secretion of the IAPP precursor, proIAPP, in beta cells. By only 20 min after synthesis, a COOH-terminally processed(More)
OBJECTIVE Islet amyloid, formed by aggregation of the beta-cell peptide islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP; amylin), is a pathological characteristic of pancreatic islets in type 2 diabetes. Toxic IAPP aggregates likely contribute to the progressive loss of beta-cells in this disease. We used cultured human islets as an ex vivo model of amyloid formation to(More)
Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP; amylin) is a peptide hormone that is cosecreted with insulin from beta-cells. Impaired processing of proIAPP, the IAPP precursor, has been implicated in islet amyloid formation in type 2 diabetes. We previously showed that proIAPP is processed to IAPP by the prohormone convertases PC1/3 and PC2 at its carboxyl (COOH) and(More)
Type 2 diabetes is characterised by decreased beta cell mass and islet amyloid formation. Islet amyloid formed by aggregation of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is associated with beta cell apoptosis. We used human and transgenic mouse islets in culture to examine whether deletion of caspase-3 protects islets from apoptosis induced by endogenously(More)
Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) (amylin), the major component of islet amyloid, is produced by cleavage at the COOH- and NH(2)-termini of its precursor, proIAPP, likely by the beta-cell prohormone convertases (PC) 1/3 and PC2. Mice lacking PC2 can process proIAPP at its COOH- but not its NH(2)-terminal cleavage site, suggesting that PC1/3 is capable of(More)
Type 2 diabetes is associated with progressive beta-cell failure manifest as a decline in insulin secretion and increasing hyperglycemia. A growing body of evidence suggests that beta-cell failure in type 2 diabetes correlates with the formation of pancreatic islet amyloid deposits, indicating that islet amyloid may have an important role in beta-cell loss(More)
In this study, the in vivo effects of insulin and chronic treatment with bis(maltolato)oxovanadium (IV) (BMOV) on protein kinase B (PKB) activity were examined in the liver and skeletal muscle from two animal models of diabetes, the STZ‐diabetic Wistar rat and the fatty Zucker rat. Animals were treated with BMOV in the drinking water (0.75–1 mg/ml) for 3(More)
Islet amyloid, formed by aggregation of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP), is associated with beta cell death in type 2 diabetes as well as in cultured and transplanted human islets. Impaired prohIAPP processing due to beta cell dysfunction is implicated in hIAPP aggregation. We examined whether the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist(More)