Learn More
PURPOSE This study examined the effect of an acute bout of brisk walking on appetite, energy intake, and the appetite-stimulating hormone-acylated ghrelin. METHODS Fourteen healthy young males (age 21.9 +/- 0.5 yr, body mass index 23.4 +/- 0.6 kg x m(-2), (.)VO2max 55.9 +/- 1.8 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1); mean +/- SEM) completed two 8-h trials (brisk walking(More)
The effects of prolonged treadmill running on appetite, energy intake and acylated ghrelin (an appetite stimulating hormone) were examined in 9 healthy males over the course of 24h. Participants completed 2 experimental trials (exercise and control) in a randomised-crossover fashion. In the exercise trial participants ran for 90 min at 68.8 + or - 0.8% of(More)
The reason for high altitude anorexia is unclear but could involve alterations in the appetite hormones ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY). This study examined the effect of resting and exercising in hypoxia (12.7% O(2); ∼4,000 m) on appetite, energy intake, and plasma concentrations of acylated ghrelin and PYY. Ten healthy males completed four, 7-h trials in an(More)
Swimming may stimulate appetite and food intake but empirical data are lacking. This study examined appetite, food intake, and plasma acylated ghrelin responses to swimming. Fourteen healthy males completed a swimming trial and a control trial in a random order. Sixty min after breakfast participants swam for 60 min and then rested for six hours.(More)
CONTEXT Acute energy deficits imposed by food restriction increase appetite and energy intake; however, these outcomes remain unchanged when energy deficits are imposed by exercise. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the potential role of acylated ghrelin and peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)) in mediating appetite and energy intake responses to identical(More)
This study investigated the acute influence of exercise on eating behaviour in an ecologically valid setting whereby healthy active males were permitted complete ad libitum access to food. Ten healthy males completed two, 8h trials (exercise and control) in a randomised-crossover design. In the exercise trials participants consumed a breakfast snack and(More)
Ambient temperature during exercise may affect energy intake regulation. Compared with a temperate (20 °C) environment, 1 h of running followed by 6 h of rest tended to decrease energy intake from 2 ad libitum meals in a hot (30 °C) environment but increase energy intake in a cool (10 °C) environment (p = 0.08). Core temperature changes did not appear to(More)
Vigorous running suppresses plasma acylated ghrelin concentrations but the limited literature on cycling suggests that acylated ghrelin is unchanged, perhaps because body mass is supported during cycling. It is important from a research and applied perspective to determine whether acylated ghrelin and hunger responses are exercise-mode specific. This study(More)
Since its discovery in 1999, ghrelin has been implicated in a multiplicity of physiological activities. Most notably, ghrelin has an important influence on energy metabolism and after the identification of its potent appetite stimulating effects ghrelin has been termed the 'hunger hormone'. Exercise is a stimulus which has a significant impact on energy(More)
PURPOSE To explore whether compensatory responses to acute energy deficits induced by exercise or diet differ by sex. METHODS In experiment one, 12 healthy women completed three 9-h trials (control, exercise-induced (Ex-Def) and food restriction-induced energy deficit (Food-Def)) with identical energy deficits being imposed in the Ex-Def (90-min run, ∼70%(More)