Lucy D. Leake

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A pair of giant Retzius (R) cells in each segmental ganglion of the leech contain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). They are the only 5-HT-containing neurones in the central nervous system to send branches to the periphery, yet many peripheral tissues (e.g. body wall muscles, heart, reproductive organs, nephridia and gut) possess 5-HT-like immunoreactive nerve(More)
1. Changes in the activity pattern of leech Retzius (R) cells were investigated using intracellular recording. 2. The presence of an after-hyperpolarisation (AHP) is closely related to activity pattern; regular firing being associated with an AHP, bursting with its absence. 3. Increasing external calcium (Cao), cyclic AMP levels or activity of kinase A(More)
1. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors in the Retzius neurones (R cells) and longitudinal body wall muscle strips of the leech H. medicinalis were studied using a range of selective agonists developed for mammalian receptors. 2. All agonists induced hyperpolarisation of R cells: the order of their potency was 5-HT > 5-CT > 2-Me 5HT > alpha-Me-5-HT > >(More)
Extracts of volatiles from foliage of three plants in the Apiaceae, Conium maculatumL. (hemlock), Coriandrum sativum L. (coriander), and Petroselinum crispum Mill. (Nym.) (parsley), previously shown to exhibit antifeedant activity in assays with the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Muller) (Limacidae: Pulmonata), were studied further to identify the(More)
Chains of segmental ganglia and various peripheral tissues from the leech (Hirudo medicinalis) were screened as whole-mount preparations for the presence of 5-hydroxytryptamine-like immunoreactivity. The gut was richly supplied with immunoreactive nerve fibres. Plexus of fibres, numerous of which were varicose, were found in the crop, with many(More)
The distribution of substance P (SP)-, somatostatin (SOM)-, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)- and met-enkephalin (mENK)-immunoreactive nerve fibres and cell bodies has been studied in the gastrointestinal tract, lateral blood vessel (heart) and segmental ganglia of the leech (Hirudo medicinalis). In the crop and intestine, there was a sparse(More)
Octopamine (OA) hyperpolarizes leech Leydig neurones but response amplitudes and thresholds vary. Associations between response, OA dose and other variables [initial resting potential, action potential (AP) frequency and amplitude, temperature, microelectrode resistance, position of ganglion along nerve cord, animal, treatment order] were examined using(More)
The presence and distribution of putative nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing cells in whole-mount preparations of the central nervous system of the leech, Hirudo medicinalis, were studied using NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry. Specific staining occurred mainly in somata of some central neurones but NADPH-d-reactive branches and terminals were(More)