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  • L D Leake
  • 1986
A pair of giant Retzius (R) cells in each segmental ganglion of the leech contain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). They are the only 5-HT-containing neurones in the central nervous system to send branches to the periphery, yet many peripheral tissues (e.g. body wall muscles, heart, reproductive organs, nephridia and gut) possess 5-HT-like immunoreactive nerve(More)
The presence and distribution of putative nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing cells in whole-mount preparations of the central nervous system of the leech, Hirudo medicinalis, were studied using NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry. Specific staining occurred mainly in somata of some central neurones but NADPH-d-reactive branches and terminals were(More)
An hypothesis for the presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in neuronal signaling in the leach (Hirudo medicinalis) CNS is based on (i) the presence of fixative resistant NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) in a specific neuronal population in the segmental ganglion; (ii) direct measurements with NO-sensitive electrodes(More)
  • L D Leake
  • 1982
1. Leech Retzius (R) neurons are excited by carbachol, and this action is blocked by benzoquinonium (Mytolon). 2. Pyrethroids induce spontaneous depolarizations in R neurons. These events are not blocked by benzoquinomium, therefore pyrethroids are not acting on the cholinoreceptor. 3. A congeneric series of synthetic pyrethroids, the QSAR compounds, also(More)
Extracts of volatiles from foliage of three plants in the Apiaceae, Conium maculatum L. (hemlock), Coriandrum sativum L. (coriander), and Petroselinum crispum Mill. (Nym.) (parsley), previously shown to exhibit antifeedant activity in assays with the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Muller) (Limacidae: Pulmonata), were studied further to identify the(More)
The selectivity of the naturally occurring amine, N,N-dimethyltyramine (hordenine) for monoamine oxidase (MAO) and its action upon isolated vasa deferentia of the rat was investigated. Hordenine was deaminated by rat liver MAO with a Michaelis constant of 479 microM and maximum velocity of 128 nmol (mg protein)-1 h-1 compared with 144 microM and 482 nmol(More)