Learn More
UNLABELLED Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy-specific liver disease, characterized by maternal pruritus and raised serum bile acids. Our objectives were to describe the epidemiology and pregnancy complications associated with severe ICP and to test the hypothesis that adverse perinatal outcomes are increased in these women. A(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia. This randomised controlled trial investigated the effect of supplementation with vitamins C and E in women at increased risk of the disorder on plasma markers of vascular endothelial activation and placental insufficiency and the occurrence of pre-eclampsia. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to characterize gestational profiles of biochemical markers that are associated with preeclampsia in the blood of pregnant women in whom preeclampsia developed later and to compare these markers with the markers of women who were delivered of small-for-gestational-age infants without preeclampsia and with women who(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical and ultrasound variables associated with the birth of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants by customised centiles, subclassified according to whether their mothers were normotensive or developed hypertensive complications. DESIGN Prospective, multicentre cohort study. SETTING Participating centres of the Screening for(More)
Oxidative stress is widely implicated in failed reproductive performance, including infertility, miscarriage, diabetes-related congenital malformations, and preeclampsia. Maternal obesity is a strong risk factor for preeclampsia, and in a recent study we observed oxidative stress in the oocytes of obese animals before pregnancy as well as in early-stage(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously reported a reduced incidence of preeclampsia in women who were at risk and were taking vitamin C (1000 mg/d) and vitamin E (400 IU/d) supplements. In this study, we determined whether supplementation in the same cohort was associated with an improvement in indices of placental dysfunction and oxidative stress toward values(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to explore the impact of maternal death on maternity professionals, and their related professional and personal needs. MATERIAL AND METHODS A qualitative study comprising semi-structured interviews in a UK inner-city academic maternity unit with over 5000 deliveries annually. Purposive sampling was utilized and(More)
Prospective contemporaneous data on the outcome of pregnancies in women with chronic hypertension are sparse. Indices of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality were determined in 822 women with chronic hypertension with data prospectively collected and rigorously validated. The incidence of superimposed preeclampsia was 22% (n=180) with early-onset(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate pregnancy outcome in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or proteinuria in early pregnancy with concomitant risk for preeclampsia (PE). METHODS Thirty-six women with CKD (Cr > 100 μmol/L at booking or Cr > 125 μmol/L prepregnancy or proteinuria ≥ 500 mg/24 hours at booking) and 30 women with proteinuria (≥2+) and known clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the prevalence of Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) infection in a pregnant UK population and to investigate whether C. pneumoniae infection is more common in women with a previous history of pre-eclampsia. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Academic Hospital. POPULATION Ninety-one pregnant women (54 parous and 37 nulliparous)(More)