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OBJECTIVE To identify clinical and ultrasound variables associated with the birth of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants by customised centiles, subclassified according to whether their mothers were normotensive or developed hypertensive complications. DESIGN Prospective, multicentre cohort study. SETTING Participating centres of the Screening for(More)
Prospective contemporaneous data on the outcome of pregnancies in women with chronic hypertension are sparse. Indices of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality were determined in 822 women with chronic hypertension with data prospectively collected and rigorously validated. The incidence of superimposed preeclampsia was 22% (n=180) with early-onset(More)
Oxidative stress is widely implicated in failed reproductive performance, including infertility, miscarriage, diabetes-related congenital malformations, and preeclampsia. Maternal obesity is a strong risk factor for preeclampsia, and in a recent study we observed oxidative stress in the oocytes of obese animals before pregnancy as well as in early-stage(More)
UNLABELLED Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy-specific liver disease, characterized by maternal pruritus and raised serum bile acids. Our objectives were to describe the epidemiology and pregnancy complications associated with severe ICP and to test the hypothesis that adverse perinatal outcomes are increased in these women. A(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to explore the impact of maternal death on maternity professionals, and their related professional and personal needs. MATERIAL AND METHODS A qualitative study comprising semi-structured interviews in a UK inner-city academic maternity unit with over 5000 deliveries annually. Purposive sampling was utilized and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate pregnancy outcome in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or proteinuria in early pregnancy with concomitant risk for preeclampsia (PE). METHODS Thirty-six women with CKD (Cr > 100 μmol/L at booking or Cr > 125 μmol/L prepregnancy or proteinuria ≥ 500 mg/24 hours at booking) and 30 women with proteinuria (≥2+) and known clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Intimate partner violence (IPV) and termination of pregnancy (TOP) are global health concerns, but their interaction is undetermined. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between IPV and TOP. METHODS AND FINDINGS A systematic review based on a search of Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and Ovid Maternity and Infant(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare pregnancy outcomes between women who stopped smoking in early pregnancy and those who either did not smoke in pregnancy or continued to smoke. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Auckland, New Zealand and Adelaide, Australia. PARTICIPANTS 2504 nulliparous women participating in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE)(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia. This randomised controlled trial investigated the effect of supplementation with vitamins C and E in women at increased risk of the disorder on plasma markers of vascular endothelial activation and placental insufficiency and the occurrence of pre-eclampsia. METHODS(More)