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The rapid activation of stress-responsive neuroendocrine systems is a basic reaction of animals to perturbations in their environment. One well-established response is that of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In rats, corticosterone is the major adrenal steroid secreted and is released in direct response to adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) secreted(More)
Four continuous cell lines were established from 15 biopsies of human squamous carcinomas of the uterine cervix, two from women less than 35 years old. All four lines grew as adherent monolayers and had epitheloid morphology. All required initial 3T3 feeder layer support and hydrocortisone and insulin for growth and have now been grown in vitro for at least(More)
The affinities of 13 atypical and 12 typical antipsychotic drugs for the cloned rat D4 dopamine receptor and the D4/D2 ratios were examined. Of the atypical antipsychotic drugs tested, only clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, zotepine and tiospirone had affinities less than 20 nM. In fact, many atypical antipsychotic drugs had relatively low affinities for(More)
The capacity of a human germ-cell tumour line to repair radiation damage has been investigated by means of a clonogenic assay. Dose-rate dependence studies, split-dose experiments and experiments designed to measure repair of potentially lethal damage have been performed. The cells showed some ability to repair radiation-induced damage in all three types of(More)
The effect of estrogen (E) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis was investigated in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX), and a Silastic capsule (0.5 cm) containing 17 beta-estradiol was sc implanted. Control animals received a blank capsule. Animals were killed 21 days later. In E-treated rats, we found(More)
Activated microglia surrounding amyloid beta-containing senile plaques synthesize interleukin-1, an inflammatory cytokine that has been postulated to contribute to Alzheimer's disease pathology. Studies have demonstrated that amyloid beta treatment causes increased cytokine release in microglia and related cell cultures. The present work evaluates the(More)
The influence of estrogen (E) on corticosterone (CORT) receptor function in neural tissue was investigated in female Sprague-Dawley rats. This was accomplished by using a sensitive solution-hybridization RNase protection assay to examine the effect of E on the regulation of CORT receptor mRNAs. Animals were bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX), and a Silastic(More)
To determine possible cellular mechanisms governing androgen action in the brain, we examined the hormonal regulation of androgen receptor (AR) mRNA in neural tissues by Northern blot hybridization and RNase protection analysis. While a single hybridizable species of AR mRNA of approximately 11 kb was found in the anterior pituitary gland (AP) and ventral(More)
High breast density as measured on mammograms is a strong risk factor for breast cancer in the general population, but its effect in carriers of germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations is unclear. We obtained mammograms from 206 female carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, 96 of whom were subsequently diagnosed with breast cancer and 136 relatives of carriers(More)
We aimed to identify patient' information and communication needs irrespective of their risk level, when they are referred for genetic risk assessment and genetic counselling for a predisposition to cancer. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of individuals referred to a clinical genetics unit for a risk assessment of(More)