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Craniofacial defects involving the lip and/or palate are among the most common human birth defects. X-linked cleft palate and ankyloglossia results from loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding the T-box transcription factor TBX22. Further studies show that TBX22 mutations are also found in around 5% of non-syndromic cleft palate patients. Although(More)
In the Western world, chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) presents as two major clinical forms, Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) [Targan, S.R. and Shanahan, F. (1994). In Retford, D.C (ed.), Inflammatory Bowel Disease: From Bench to Bedside. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore]. Genetic epidemiological studies, the occurrence of rare(More)
BACKGROUND The iPrEx study demonstrated that combination oral emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) as preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) protects against HIV acquisition in men who have sex with men and transgender women. Selection for drug resistance could offset PrEP benefits. METHODS Phenotypic and genotypic clinical resistance assays(More)
combinations, and identified those genes specifically involved in the disease and minimizing variations between samples and different cell cultures. The comparison between control and NSCL/P patients yielded 56 genes. Subsequent signaling pathway analyses involving the identified genes, suggested involvement of three different pathways. In particular, we(More)
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