Lucy A Waskell

Learn More
The prodrug clopidogrel (Plavix) is activated by cytochrome p450 (p450) to a metabolite that inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Clopidogrel is frequently administered to patients in conjunction with the CYP3A4 substrate atorvastatin (Lipitor). Since clinical studies indicate that atorvastatin inhibits the antiplatelet activity of clopidogrel, we(More)
A model of cytochrome P450 2B4, which was constructed by homology modeling with the four known crystal structures of the cytochromes P450 (Chang, T.-T., Stiffelman, O. B., Vakser, I. A., Loew, G. H., Bridges, A., and Waskell, L. (1997) Protein Eng. 10, 119-129), was used to select amino acids predicted, by computer docking studies and numerous previous(More)
NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (CYPOR) catalyzes the transfer of electrons to all known microsomal cytochromes P450. A CYPOR variant, with a 4-amino acid deletion in the hinge connecting the FMN domain to the rest of the protein, has been crystallized in three remarkably extended conformations. The variant donates an electron to cytochrome P450 at the(More)
The commonly used volatile anesthetics, several of their metabolites, and drugs frequently employed by the anesthesiologist were screened for mutagenicity in the Salmonella/rat-liver microsomal assay system developed by Dr. B. Ames and his colleagues. Chloral hydrate, both a sedative and metabolite of trichloroethylene, was found to be weakly mutagenic.(More)
BACKGROUND We observed that the prodrug clopidogrel was less effective in inhibiting platelet aggregation with coadministration of atorvastatin during point-of-care platelet function testing. Because atorvastatin is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, we hypothesized that clopidogrel might be activated by CYP3A4. METHODS AND RESULTS Platelet(More)
Cytochrome P450 2B4 is a microsomal protein with a multi-step reaction cycle similar to that observed in the majority of other cytochromes P450. The cytochrome P450 2B4-substrate complex is reduced from the ferric to the ferrous form by cytochrome P450 reductase. After binding oxygen, the oxyferrous protein accepts a second electron which is provided by(More)
Cytochrome b5 is an amphipathic microsomal protein that is anchored to the endoplasmic reticulum by a single hydrophobic transmembrane alpha-helix located near the carboxyl terminus of the protein. In yeast, cytochrome b5 provides electrons for fatty acid desaturation and ergosterol biosynthesis. High level expression of cytochrome b5 in Saccharomyces(More)
This study examined the reaction of peroxynitrite (PN) with two human cytochrome P450s, P450 2B6 (2B6) and P450 2E1 (2E1). After the reaction with PN, the NADPH/reductase-supported 7-ethoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)coumarin (EFC) deethylation activity of both P450s was decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. HPLC analysis revealed that the prosthetic heme(More)
Microsomal cytochrome b5 (cytb5) is a membrane-bound protein that modulates the catalytic activity of its redox partner, cytochrome P4502B4 (cytP450). Here, we report the first structure of full-length rabbit ferric microsomal cytb5 (16 kDa), incorporated in two different membrane mimetics (detergent micelles and lipid bicelles). Differential line(More)