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Parasite lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) is a potential drug target for new antimalarials owing to parasite dependence on glycolysis for ATP production. The pLDH from all four species of human malarial parasites were cloned, expressed, and analyzed for structural and kinetic properties that might be exploited for drug development. pLDH from Plasmodium vivax,(More)
Haemodialysis (HD) patients have many biochemical, immune and inflammatory alterations that can lead to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The two major factors affecting these disorders are (a) metabolic, biochemical, immune or inflammatory alterations due to the uremic syndrome per se and (b) alterations due to the therapeutic treatments of(More)
The 2-oxoaldehyde methylglyoxal (MeG) is the precursor to a number of the known advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) implicated in the development of diabetic complications. Other 2-oxoaldehydes that are important in AGE formation, such as glyoxal, glucosone, deoxyglucosone, xylosone and deoxyxylosone, are produced by nonenzymatic reactions. By contrast,(More)
Pancreatic cholesterol esterase (CEase), which is secreted from the exocrine pancreas, is a serine hydrolase that aids in the bile salt-dependent hydrolysis of dietary cholesteryl esters and contributes to the hydrolysis of triglycerides and phospholipids. Additional roles for CEase in intestinal micelle formation and in transport of free cholesterol to the(More)
The transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), which regulates expression of numerous antiinflammatory genes as well as genes that promote development of the prosurvival, antiapoptotic state is up-regulated in many cancer cells. The natural product resveratrol, a polyphenolic trans-stilbene, has numerous biological activities and is a known(More)
The activator protein-1 (AP-1) family of transcription factors, including the most common member c-Jun-c-Fos, participates in regulation of expression of numerous genes involved in proliferation, apoptosis, and tumorigenesis in response to a wide array of stimuli including pro-inflammatory cytokines, growth factors, stress, and tumor promoters. A number of(More)
The natural product curcumin (diferuloylmethane, 1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), obtained from the spice turmeric, exhibits numerous biological activities including anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-angiogenesis activities. Some of these biological activities may derive from its anti-oxidant properties. There are(More)
Aberrant retinal expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) leading to neovascularization is a central feature of age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, two leading causes of vision loss. Oxidative stress is suggested to occur in retinal tissue during age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy and is suspected(More)
The transcription factor NFkappaB (NFkappaB) is up-regulated in many cancer cells where it contributes to development of the pro-survival, anti-apoptotic state. The natural product curcumin is a known inhibitor of activation of NFkappaB. Enone analogues of curcumin were compared with curcumin for their abilities to inhibit the TNFalpha-induced activation of(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic cholesterol esterase has three proposed functions in the intestine: 1) to control the bioavailability of cholesterol from dietary cholesterol esters; 2) to contribute to incorporation of cholesterol into mixed micelles; and 3) to aid in transport of free cholesterol to the enterocyte. Inhibitors of cholesterol esterase are anticipated(More)