Lucio Casali

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BACKGROUND The joint distribution of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been well described. This study aims at determining the prevalence of self-reported physician diagnoses of asthma, COPD and of the asthma-COPD overlap syndrome and to assess whether these conditions share a common set of risk factors. METHODS A screening(More)
The aim of our study was to measure values of maximal inspiratory (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) mouth pressures in 625 (266 male, 359 female) clinically and functionally normal subjects drawn out of a sample representative of the general population. MEP (near TLC and FRC) was found to be significantly higher when compared with MIP (near RV and FRC), and(More)
BACKGROUND No study has been carried out on the time trend in the prevalence of chronic bronchitis (CB) in recent years, despite its clinical and epidemiological relevance. We evaluated the trend in CB prevalence during the past decade among young Italian adults. METHODS A screening questionnaire was mailed to general population samples of 20-44 year-old(More)
BACKGROUND Socioeconomic inequalities in smoking habits have stabilized in many Western countries. This study aimed at evaluating whether socioeconomic disparities in smoking habits are still enlarging in Italy and at comparing the impact of education and occupation. METHODS In the frame of the GEIRD study (Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory(More)
In December 2009 an information sheet [1] edited by WHO reported that, in 2008, 3.6 million women fell ill with tuberculosis (TB) and 700,000 women died from TB, including 200,000 with human im-munodeficiency virus (HIV) and TB. TB is the 3 rd leading cause of death worldwide among women aged between 15 and 44 years. It should be noted that this range(More)
BACKGROUND Few population-based studies have assessed the prevalence and the risk factors of non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) in comparison to allergic rhinitis (AR). Moreover, epidemiologic data on rhinitis in the elderly subjects and in southern Europe are scarce. OBJECTIVE This study aimed at estimating the prevalence and at comparing the risk factor(More)
Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) associated to chronic respiratory diseases is currently classified in the 3rd group, as a mild to moderate form of pre-capillary PH that progressively complicates the prognosis of associated pulmonary disease. In clinical practice, however, some unresolved issues in the respiratory PH should be considered: 1) the PH heterogeneity(More)
Endobronchial Tuberculosis (EBTB) is a particular form of TB non easily recognizable, often dangerous for its consequences and potentially a source of spread of infection in the community. Also its definition doesn't find a unanimity. In fact it has been defined as " tuberculous infection of the tracheo bronchial tree with microbial and histopathological(More)
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