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The bases of the mycobacterial SOS box important for LexA binding were determined by replacing each base with every other and examining the effect on the induction of a reporter gene following DNA damage. This analysis revealed that the SOS box was longer than originally thought by 2 bp in each half of the palindromic site. A search of the Mycobacterium(More)
Natural history data from the Diabetic Retinopathy Study were examined by multivariate methods to determine which baseline characteristics could predict the occurrence of severe visual loss (SVL) in eyes originally assigned to no treatment. The presence and extent of new blood vessels on the optic disc (NVD) had the strongest association with SVL. Several(More)
The mycobacterium-specific gene Rv2719c was found to be expressed primarily from a promoter that was clearly DNA damage inducible independently of RecA. Upstream of the transcriptional start site for this promoter, sequence motifs resembling those observed previously at the RecA-independent, DNA damage-inducible recA promoter were identified, and the -10(More)
Studies of the psychosocial aspects of visual impairment have emphasized the effects of blindness, giving relatively little attention to the effects of mild or partial visual impairment. Consequently, we know little about when in the course of visual loss significant psychosocial dysfunction develops. To address this question, we assessed psychosocial(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) of the central nervous system (CNS) is characterized by extensive tissue inflammation, driven by molecules that cleave extracellular matrix such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3. However, relatively little is known about the regulation of these MMPs in the CNS. Using a cellular model of CNS TB, we stimulated a human microglial(More)
Using a case/control design, patients with (cases) and without (controls) proliferative diabetic retinopathy were compared using three psychosocial measures: life events, psychiatric symptomatology, and ego development. Cases reported significantly more symptoms. They also demonstrated a modest and significant correlation of negative life events with HgbA1c(More)
Laser light scattering spectroscopy measures the thermal random movement of protein as characterized by the diffusion coefficient. This technique has been used in assessing cataract formation in animals. The changes detected appear to predict the later development of lens opacities. The sensitivity and quantitative aspects of this technique offer advantages(More)
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