Lucinda L. Baker

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A test, called the Functional Test, that evaluates the integrated function of the total upper extremity of an adult hemiparetic patient has been developed. It was used with 82 patients admitted to Rancho Los Amigos Hospital for stroke rehabilitation, together with a battery of six objective test measures. Sequential testing by two examiners demonstrated(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of two stimulation waveforms on healing rates in patients with diabetes and open ulcers. The hypothesis was that stimulus waveforms with minimal polar characteristics would provide significant healing for this patient sample. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a prospective study that enrolled 80 patients with open(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to describe a novel technology for implantable neuromuscular stimulation to treat complications of paralysis and disuse atrophy, including shoulder subluxation, hand contractures, drop foot, and osteoarthritis. The authors review the results so far of several pilot clinical studies of these muscle stimulation devices. (More)
Positional feedback (PF) and electrical stimulation were combined in a new treatment modality for facilitating wrist extension in stroke patients. Thirty adult hemiparetic patients lacking normal voluntary wrist extension were randomly placed in control and study groups. The control group received conventional therapy while the study group received(More)
The ability of L-DOPA and nialamide to produce locomotor-like rhythmic discharges (fictive locomotion) in hind limb nerves of acute and chronically spinalized and paralyzed cats was examined. Ankle flexor and extensor nerves of chronic cats exhibited pharmacologically induced alternate bursts of activity that had significantly shorter cycle times and burst(More)
Various electrical stimulation waveforms have been used to enhance wound healing, with little consideration for potential differences in their physiologic effect. The present study evaluated the effect of stimulation waveform and electrode placement on wound healing. Eighty patients with spinal cord injury and one or more pressure ulcers were treated. A(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the changes in postsynaptic potentials recorded in ankle extensor motoneurons resulting from activation of the sural nerve after spinal cord transection in the adult cat. Eight acute and nine chronic animals were spinalized at T12. Intracellular recordings from motoneurons innervating the triceps surae were(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare maximum voluntary isometric torque (MVIT) and motor unit recruitment of the quadriceps after an electric stimulation facilitation program in persons affected by cerebrovascular accident (CVA). DESIGN Three-week, randomized controlled trial with an electric stimulation facilitation program added to standard care. SETTING Inpatient(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if changes in hindlimb motoneuron membrane electrical properties occur 4-6 months after spinal transection in the adult animal. Eight acute and nine chronic animals were spinalized at T12. Intracellular recordings from motoneurons innervating the triceps surae were performed. Membrane electrical properties,(More)
The failure of foot wounds to heal results in 54,000 people with diabetes having to undergo extremity amputations annually. Therefore, treatment is needed to speed healing in people with diabetes in order to reduce the need for amputation. This study tested the effect of high-voltage pulsed current on foot blood flow in human beings who are at risk for(More)