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A morphometric analysis, based on mathematical evaluations and stereological methods, has been used to study five left neonatal ovaries, removed from full-term neonates with a 46,XX karyotype free from malformations of the genital apparatus. Each ovary was completely cut obtaining serial sections and one 1-micron-thick section every 1,000 microns was(More)
During organ differentiation, cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions are required. The components of the ECM, such as glycosaminoglycans, fibronectin, laminin, and collagens, change in relation to cytokine and enzyme activity. Moreover, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are components of the ECM that play an important role in both cytokine regulation and cell(More)
Interneurons presynaptic to motoneurons were labeled by retrograde transneuronal transport of WGA-HRP. The tracer was injected either into the quadriceps muscles or into the posterior biceps muscles, thus labeling interneurons presynaptic to the quadriceps motoneurons (QINs) or interneurons presynaptic to posterior biceps motoneurons (PBINs). Statistical(More)
Oilseeds with modified fatty acid profiles have been the genetic alternative for high quality vegetable oil for food and biodiesel applications. They can provide stable, functional oils for the food industry, without the hydrogenation process that produces trans-fatty acid, which has been linked to cardiovascular disease. High yield and high quality(More)
The effect of testosterone on the morphology and biochemistry of adult castrated rat liver is described. Castration decreases mean weight and volume of hepatocytes, volume and surface area of sinusoidal lumen, and apparently increases cell number per g of tissue. These variations indicate cell distress. Testosterone administration restored sinusoidal volume(More)
Polyamines (PA) and retinoic acid affect mammalian cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. Retinoic acid induces granulocytic differentiation of mieloid cell lines and, during this process, is responsible for the expression of CD11b, a surface antigen. In this study we investigate the effects of retinoic acid on HL-60 cells, monitoring ornithine(More)
Ischaemia and reperfusion phases represent critical events during liver transplantation. The purpose of this study was to describe morphological alterations of both vascular and parenchymal compartments after ischaemia and reperfusion and to evaluate the possible relationship between morphometric parameters and biochemical/clinical data. Three needle(More)
The morphometric characteristics of the neurons of the interpeduncular nucleus (IPN) in the rat were investigated by cluster analysis in order to identify neuronal groups which are morphometrically homogeneous, and to define their position and density in the IPN subnuclei. Two clusters of cells were detected. Cluster 1 neurons had a larger perikaryal size(More)
In men and animals subject to orchiectomy, varying degrees of hypotrophy have often been observed, even involving non-reproductive organs. Liver hypotrophy appears particularly interesting in view of the metabolic alterations that could possibly ensue. We have applied the morphometric approach to the study of this kind of hypotrophy in castrated rats and in(More)