Lucilla Parnetti

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CONTEXT Small single-center studies have shown that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers may be useful to identify incipient Alzheimer disease (AD) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but large-scale multicenter studies have not been conducted. OBJECTIVE To determine the diagnostic accuracy of CSF beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42), total tau(More)
Clinical diagnosis of Parkinson disease (PD) is difficult in early stages of disease, with high risk of misdiagnosis. The long preclinical phase of PD provides the possibility for early therapeutic intervention once disease-modifying therapies have been developed, but lack of biomarkers for early diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression represents a(More)
Parkinson's disease is classically characterised as a motor neurodegenerative disorder. Motor symptoms in the disorder are secondary to an altered dopamine-acetylcholine balance due to reduced striatal dopaminergic tone and subsequent cholinergic overactivity. In the past, anticholinergic drugs were given to improve motor aspects of the disease. There is(More)
Tau and β-amyloid (1–42) (Aβ42) are two independent markers for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study, biochemical markers were validated as tools for differential diagnosis between AD and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Tau, Aβ42 and phosphotau (181P) were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from controls (n=40) and from(More)
Although alpha-synuclein is the main constituent of Lewy bodies, cerebrospinal fluid determination on its own does not seem fundamental for the diagnosis of synucleinopathies. We evaluated whether the combination of classical biomarkers, Aβ(1-42) , total tau, phosphorylated tau, and α-synuclein can improve discrimination of Parkinson's disease, dementia(More)
In order to evaluate the pattern of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in the gray and white matter of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy controls, a cross-sectional study was carried out on 13 consecutive AD patients and 7 healthy older subjects who were referred to the Day-Hospital for diagnostic assessment. All examinations(More)
IMPORTANCE Cerebral amyloid-β aggregation is an early pathological event in Alzheimer disease (AD), starting decades before dementia onset. Estimates of the prevalence of amyloid pathology in persons without dementia are needed to understand the development of AD and to design prevention studies. OBJECTIVE To use individual participant data meta-analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Dysphagia is common after stroke. We aimed to study the prognosis of dysphagia (assessed clinically) over the first 3 months after acute stroke and to determine whether specific neurovascular-anatomical sites were associated with swallowing dysfunction. METHODS We prospectively examined consecutive patients with acute first-ever stroke. The(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to identify the most useful definition of the "cerebrospinal fluid Alzheimer profile," based on amyloid-ß1-42 (Aβ42), total tau, and phosphorylated tau (p-tau), for diagnosis and prognosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS We constructed eight Alzheimer profiles with previously published combinations, including regression formulas(More)
To assess the discriminating power of multiple cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Parkinson's disease (PD), we measured several proteins playing an important role in the disease pathogenesis. The activities of β-glucocerebrosidase and other lysosomal enzymes, together with total and oligomeric α-synuclein, and total and phosphorylated tau, were thus(More)