Lucilla Baldassarri

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Both Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus are important causes of infections associated with catheters and other medical devices. It has recently been shown that not only S. epidermidis but also S. aureus can produce slime and carries the ica operon responsible for slime production. In the operon, coexpression of icaA and icaD is required(More)
Group B streptococci (GBS) comprising three different sets of isolates (31 invasive, 36 noninvasive, and 24 colonizing isolates) were collected in Italy during the years 2002 to 2005. Clonal groups were established by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and selected isolates were studied by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). GBS isolates were also(More)
A collection of Enterococcus faecalis strains from clinical isolates, healthy individuals and the environment was screened for the presence of virulence factor genes, such as those for collagen-binding protein (ace), endocarditis antigen (efaA), haemolysin activator (cylA), gelatinase (gelE), aggregation substances (asa1 and asa373), a surface protein (esp)(More)
Biofilm-forming ability is increasingly being recognized as an important virulence factor in Staphylococcus epidermidis. This study compares three different techniques for the detection of biofilm-positive strains. The presence of icaA and icaD genes responsible for biofilm synthesis was investigated by a PCR method in a collection of 80 S. epidermidis(More)
In Staphylococcus epidermidis, ica locus encodes for the synthesis of a polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (slime or biofilm). A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of the five individual genes of ica locus was developed, with the aim to probe the set of genes in a large collection of Staphylococcus epidermidis clinical isolates.(More)
A multiplex PCR assay for the identification of serotypes Ia to IX of Streptococcus agalactiae was developed. By using a single PCR reaction containing a mix of 19 primers the assay identified each serotype by the analysis of the unique two or three bands pattern on agarose gel.
Prosthesis-associated infections still represent one of the most serious complications in the clinical use of biomaterials. The most frequent causes are Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Several studies have been devoted to identify adhesion mechanisms for these bacteria. Slime in particular has been extensively investigated. Recently,(More)
Enterococcus faecalis is among the predominant causes of nosocomial infections. Surface molecules like d-alanine lipoteichoic acid (LTA) perform several functions in gram-positive bacteria, such as maintenance of cationic homeostasis and modulation of autolytic activities. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of d-alanine esters of(More)
Edible marine species from several areas of the Adriatic sea were analyzed for their content in persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs), biphenyls (PCBs), and pp'-DDE (dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene), a metabolite of the organochlorine pesticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). On(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes infections often fail to respond to antibiotic therapy, leading to persistent throat carriage and recurrent infections. Such failures cannot always be explained by the occurrence of antibiotic resistance determinants, and it has been suggested that S. pyogenes may enter epithelial cells to escape antibiotic treatment. We investigated(More)