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Both Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus are important causes of infections associated with catheters and other medical devices. It has recently been shown that not only S. epidermidis but also S. aureus can produce slime and carries the ica operon responsible for slime production. In the operon, coexpression of icaA and icaD is required(More)
A collection of Enterococcus faecalis strains from clinical isolates, healthy individuals and the environment was screened for the presence of virulence factor genes, such as those for collagen-binding protein (ace), endocarditis antigen (efaA), haemolysin activator (cylA), gelatinase (gelE), aggregation substances (asa1 and asa373), a surface protein (esp)(More)
Biofilm-forming ability is increasingly being recognized as an important virulence factor in Staphylococcus epidermidis. This study compares three different techniques for the detection of biofilm-positive strains. The presence of icaA and icaD genes responsible for biofilm synthesis was investigated by a PCR method in a collection of 80 S. epidermidis(More)
Group B streptococci (GBS) comprising three different sets of isolates (31 invasive, 36 noninvasive, and 24 colonizing isolates) were collected in Italy during the years 2002 to 2005. Clonal groups were established by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and selected isolates were studied by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). GBS isolates were also(More)
Several species belonging to Staphylococcus genus (non Sau/ non Sep species) exhibit increasing abilities as opportunistic pathogens in colonisation of periprosthesis tissues. Here we report on antibiotic resistance of 193 strains, belonging to non Sau/ non Sep species, consecutively collected from orthopedic implant infections in a period of about 40(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes infections often fail to respond to antibiotic therapy, leading to persistent throat carriage and recurrent infections. Such failures cannot always be explained by the occurrence of antibiotic resistance determinants, and it has been suggested that S. pyogenes may enter epithelial cells to escape antibiotic treatment. We investigated(More)
The widely used biocide triclosan selectively targets FabI, the NADH-dependent trans-2-enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase, which is an important target for narrow-spectrum antimicrobial drug development. In relation to the growing concern about biocide resistance, we compared in vitro mutants and clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus with reduced(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococci; GAS) recovered from paediatric pharyngitis (101 isolates) and asymptomatic children (79 isolates) in the same geographical area and period, as well as isolates collected during an enhanced national surveillance programme for GAS invasive diseases (79 isolates), were screened for the incidence of the(More)
Bacteria of the genus Sphingomonas are environmental organisms that have recently been implicated in a variety of community-acquired and nosocomial infections. During studies on bacteria-cell interactions, we incurred a microorganism contaminating our HeLa cell culture, possibly from water utilized for reagent preparation; this bacterium appeared to tightly(More)
A total of 161 Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from patients with invasive infections or from asymptomatic carriers were examined for genes (prtF1, prtF2, and fba) coding for fibronectin-binding proteins to evaluate their involvement in the pathogenesis of different streptococcal manifestations. We found no significant differences in the presence of these(More)