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OBJECTIVE To allow exchange of clinical practice guidelines among institutions and computer-based applications. DESIGN The GuideLine Interchange Format (GLIF) specification consists of GLIF model and the GLIF syntax. The GLIF model is an object-oriented representation that consists of a set of classes for guideline entities, attributes for those classes,(More)
The Guideline Interchange Format (GLIF) is a language for structured representation of guidelines. It was developed to facilitate sharing clinical guidelines. GLIF version 2 enabled modeling a guideline as a flowchart of structured steps, representing clinical actions and decisions. However, the attributes of structured constructs were defined as text(More)
MOTIVATION [corrected] The existence of several technologies for measuring gene expression makes the question of cross-technology agreement of measurements an important issue. Cross-platform utilization of data from different technologies has the potential to reduce the need to duplicate experiments but requires corresponding measurements to be comparable.(More)
The vertebrate retina is comprised of seven major cell types that are generated in overlapping but well-defined intervals. To identify genes that might regulate retinal development, gene expression in the developing retina was profiled at multiple time points using serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE). The expression patterns of 1,051 genes that showed(More)
In any medical domain, it is common to have more than one test (classifier) to diagnose a disease. In image analysis, for example, there is often more than one reader or more than one algorithm applied to a certain data set. Combining of classifiers is often helpful, but determining the way in which classifiers should be combined is not trivial. Standard(More)
OBJECTIVE Predictive models that generate individualized estimates for medically relevant outcomes are playing increasing roles in clinical care and translational research. However, current methods for calibrating these estimates lose valuable information. Our goal is to develop a new calibration method to conserve as much information as possible, and would(More)
Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves are frequently used in biomedical informatics research to evaluate classification and prediction models for decision support, diagnosis, and prognosis. ROC analysis investigates the accuracy of a model's ability to separate positive from negative cases (such as predicting the presence or absence of disease),(More)
This paper investigates how Boolean reasoning can be used to make the records in a database anonymous. In a medical setting, this is of particular interest due to privacy issues and to prevent the possible misuse of confidential information. As electronic medical records and medical data repositories get more common and widespread, the issue of making(More)
MOTIVATION Interpretation of classification models derived from gene-expression data is usually not simple, yet it is an important aspect in the analytical process. We investigate the performance of small rule-based classifiers based on fuzzy logic in five datasets that are different in size, laboratory origin and biomedical domain. RESULTS The(More)
We present a greedy algorithm for supervised discretization using a metric defined on the space of partitions of a set of objects. This proposed technique is useful for preparing the data for classifiers that require nominal attributes. Experimental work on decision trees and naïve Bayes classifiers confirm the efficacy of the proposed algorithm.