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The stratified inner layer of the embryonic fetal brain, the ventricular zone (VZ), contains glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-positive cell bodies of radial glia. The adult cerebral ventricle is lined by a single layer of cuboidal, ciliated common ependymal cells which are, immunohistologically, GFAP negative. In late gestation, the ventricular lining(More)
There is a recognised association between pernicious anaemia and the development of gastric carcinoma, endocrine cell hyperplasia, and carcinoid tumour. Multiple endoscopic biopsies from the body mucosa of seven patients with pernicious anaemia showed small intestinal metaplasia with varying degrees of inflammation, fibrosis, and expansion of the lamina(More)
OBJECTIVES There is considerable evidence suggesting that anti-double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (anti-dsDNA) antibodies are involved in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis. It was shown previously using severe combined immune deficient (SCID) mice that when the hybridomas secreting human immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-dsDNA antibodies, RH14 and DIL-6,(More)
B cells, distinct from those seen in myasthenia gravis, are present in normal human thymic medulla, concentrated around the Hassall's corpuscles. We have shown that they constitute 33 +/- 4.8% of the total cells in the thymic medulla. In tissue sections they were often seen to have rosettes of thymocytes around them, a relationship which was maintained when(More)
Antibodies binding to double-stranded (ds) DNA are strongly associated with renal involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We have generated two new IgG DNA-binding monoclonal antibodies (mAb), RH-14 and DIL-6, from the peripheral blood lymphocytes of two SLE patients with glomerulonephritis using the heteromyeloma cell line CB-F7.(More)
Carcinoid tumours of the appendix are generally thought to be derived from enterochromaffin cells; in-situ abnormalities of these cells are, however, rarely observed in the mucosal epithelium. One hundred appendices, removed consecutively at surgery, were stained with an alcian blue-PAS diastase-lead haematoxylin sequence and, in 69, cells were found in the(More)
Some features of the vascular and glomerular pathology of primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are well recognized, but we describe novel glomerular ultrastructural changes that we consider to be pathognomonic of APS. Renal biopsies from eight patients with APS were examined by light and electron microscopy. All had anti-cardiolipin antibodies, and the(More)
The lamina propria of the human appendix possesses a recently defined ganglionated neural plexus with neurosecretory-type component cells. In order to elucidate the functional role of this plexus, immunohistochemical light and electron microscopic studies were performed on 21 appendixes. By light microscopy, 18 specimens showed within the lamina propria(More)
We investigated the capacity of five human monoclonal IgG anti-DNA antibodies derived from lupus patients to produce glomerular immune deposits. The hybridomas secreting these antibodies were administered intraperitoneally to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. Three of the five antibodies (B3, 35.21, 33.C9) were detected in the kidneys, but only(More)
The fine structure of a neuroendocrine complex within the lamina propria of the human appendix is described. This complex contains four types of neurosecretory cells, occasional neurons, Schwann cells, and numerous nerve processes, including axons with varicose swellings. Few of the axons form true synapses, but many make some junctional contact with the(More)