Lucienne Léger

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Peptidergic neurons containing the melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) and the hypocretins (or orexins) are intermingled in the zona incerta, perifornical nucleus and lateral hypothalamic area. Both types of neurons have been implicated in the integrated regulation of energy homeostasis and body weight. Hypocretin neurons have also been involved in(More)
Paradoxical sleep (PS) is a state characterized by cortical activation, rapid eye movements and muscle atonia. Fifty years after its discovery, the neuronal network responsible for the genesis of PS has been only partially identified. We recently proposed that GABAergic neurons would have a pivotal role in that network. To localize these GABAergic neurons,(More)
The distribution of monoaminergic cell bodies in the brainstem of the cat has been examined with Falck-Hillarp fluorescence histochemical technique. Quantitative determinations indicate that the cat brainstem contains about 60,300 indolaminergic (IA) cells. The majority of these (about 46,700, or 77.5%) are located within raphe nuclei. The largest number is(More)
One-hundred and forty eight patients operated upon for chronic pancreatitis were reviewed retrospectively in 5-20 year followup. Treatment was by drainage of the duct of Wirsung to adefunctionalized jejunal loop, distal pancreatectomy, pancreato-duodenectomy, splanchnicectomy with an operative mortality of 5%. Influence of clinical and anatomical data upon(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), a neuropeptide secreted by a limited number of neurons within the tuberal hypothalamus, has been drawn in the field of sleep only fairly recently in 2003. Since then, growing experimental evidence indicates that MCH may play a crucial role in the homeostatic regulation of paradoxical sleep (PS). MCH-expressing neurons(More)
In the middle of the last century, Michel Jouvet discovered paradoxical sleep (PS), a sleep phase paradoxically characterized by cortical activation and rapid eye movements and a muscle atonia. Soon after, he showed that it was still present in "pontine cats" in which all structures rostral to the brainstem have been removed. Later on, it was demonstrated(More)
The origin of the serotoninergic innervation of the rat subcommissural organ was studied using radioautography of tritiated serotonin and biochemical determination of endogenous serotonin content after electrolytic lesions of raphe nuclei. The results suggest that this innervation is mainly derived from nuclei raphe centralis superior and raphe dorsalis,(More)
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterized by the loss of muscle atonia during paradoxical (REM) sleep (PS). Conversely, cataplexy, one of the key symptoms of narcolepsy, is a striking sudden episode of muscle weakness triggered by emotions during wakefulness, and comparable to REM sleep atonia. The neuronal(More)