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The detection of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) lesions in Magnetic Resonance (MR) images remains an important issue in medical image processing. Diagnostic criteria for MS based on brain MRI concern mainly dissemination in space and time. In this context, this paper describes a novel region-based approach to automatically count the number of MS lesions present in(More)
During quiet wakefulness of 63 adult Wistar rats, 24 exhibited synchronous paroxysmal bursts consisting of spikes and spike and wave discharges, recorded in the amygdala and frontoparietal cortex. Discharges were associated with a sudden immobility of the rat and rhythmic twitches of vibrissae or cervicofacial musculature. As soon as the phenomena stopped,(More)
Of 100 randomly chosen, adult male Wistar rats in the breeding colony at the Centre de Neurochimie , Strasbourg, 31 presented spontaneous, nonconvulsive epileptic seizures: wave-and-spike discharges, 7-11 cycles/s, 200-600 microV, accompanied by behavioral arrest and myoclony of the vibrissae and of the facial and cervical muscles. Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)(More)
The automatic analysis of subtle changes between MRI scans is an important tool for assessing disease evolution over time. Manual labeling of evolutions in 3D data sets is tedious and error prone. Automatic change detection, however, remains a challenging image processing problem. A variety of MRI artifacts introduce a wide range of unrepresentative changes(More)
Different paroxysmal movements occur during sleep. They correspond either to epileptic seizures of sleep, or to parasomnia. Recently, other nocturnal motor phenomena have been described in the literature as nocturnal or hypnogenic paroxysmal dystonia (NPD), paroxysmal arousal, episodic nocturnal wanderings, etc. The NPD are involuntary nocturnal movements(More)
BACKGROUND Prior to the era of immunomodulating or immunosuppressive (IS) treatments Multiple Sclerosis (MS) was linked to reduced rates of cancer. Method A descriptive study of MS patients with a documented oncological event was performed. From 1 January 1995 to 30 June 2006, we collected and studied the profile of 7,418 MS patients gathered from nine(More)
Wistar rats of a strain displaying spontaneous petit mal-like seizures and spike-wave EEG discharged (SWD) were injected i.p. with drugs affecting noradrenergic neurotransmission. The EEG and behavior were recorded. Drugs which decrease alpha-noradrenergic neurotransmission, prazosin (alpha 1-antagonist) and clonidine (alpha 2-agonist), increased SWD and(More)
Theory of Mind (ToM) is the ability to attribute independent mental states to self and others to explain and predict behavior. Impairment of ToM is well established in developmental pathologies. In neurological populations, investigation of ToM is still rare but data suggest that ToM impairment could contribute to behavioral and social disturbances. In(More)
In vivo measurement of T2 relaxation times in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is potentially useful for the evaluation of the disease activity. Seven patients with definite MS were investigated over a period of three years (19 examinations), using a whole-body MRI scanner operating at 0.15 T with a specially designed(More)
One-third of the Wistar rats bred in the Centre of Neurochemistry in Strasbourg, France, develop spontaneous epileptic seizures which from their clinical manifestations, pharmacological responses, and electroencephalographic findings are suggestive of Petit Mal absences. These fits are genetically determined since in two lines selected from affected animals(More)