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The detection of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) lesions in Magnetic Resonance (MR) images remains an important issue in medical image processing. Diagnostic criteria for MS based on brain MRI concern mainly dissemination in space and time. In this context, this paper describes a novel region-based approach to automatically count the number of MS lesions present in(More)
During quiet wakefulness of 63 adult Wistar rats, 24 exhibited synchronous paroxysmal bursts consisting of spikes and spike and wave discharges, recorded in the amygdala and frontoparietal cortex. Discharges were associated with a sudden immobility of the rat and rhythmic twitches of vibrissae or cervicofacial musculature. As soon as the phenomena stopped,(More)
Of 100 randomly chosen, adult male Wistar rats in the breeding colony at the Centre de Neurochimie , Strasbourg, 31 presented spontaneous, nonconvulsive epileptic seizures: wave-and-spike discharges, 7-11 cycles/s, 200-600 microV, accompanied by behavioral arrest and myoclony of the vibrissae and of the facial and cervical muscles. Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)(More)
The automatic analysis of subtle changes between MRI scans is an important tool for assessing disease evolution over time. Manual labeling of evolutions in 3D data sets is tedious and error prone. Automatic change detection, however, remains a challenging image processing problem. A variety of MRI artifacts introduce a wide range of unrepresentative changes(More)
Wistar rats of a strain displaying spontaneous petit mal-like seizures and spike-wave EEG discharged (SWD) were injected i.p. with drugs affecting noradrenergic neurotransmission. The EEG and behavior were recorded. Drugs which decrease alpha-noradrenergic neurotransmission, prazosin (alpha 1-antagonist) and clonidine (alpha 2-agonist), increased SWD and(More)
In vivo measurement of T2 relaxation times in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is potentially useful for the evaluation of the disease activity. Seven patients with definite MS were investigated over a period of three years (19 examinations), using a whole-body MRI scanner operating at 0.15 T with a specially designed(More)
This paper presents a longitudinal change detection framework for detecting relevant modifications in diffusion MRI, with application to neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS). The core problem is to identify image regions that are significantly different between two scans. The proposed method is based on multivariate statistical testing(More)
One-third of the Wistar rats bred in the Centre of Neurochemistry in Strasbourg, France, develop spontaneous epileptic seizures which from their clinical manifestations, pharmacological responses, and electroencephalographic findings are suggestive of Petit Mal absences. These fits are genetically determined since in two lines selected from affected animals(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate occurrence rate, clinical data, and prognostic factors of status epilepticus (SE) after stroke. METHODS From 1984 to 1994, 3,205 patients were admitted to the Department of Neurology at our institution with first-time strokes. A total of 159 of these patients had first-time poststroke seizures. Among these 159 patients, cases of SE(More)
Certain Wistar rats from our laboratory colony present genetically determined seizures similar to human petit-mal absences. Muscimol, THIP and L-baclofen, agonists of GABA receptors, and gamma-vinyl GABA (GVG), an inhibitor of GABA degradation, enhanced the duration of spontaneous petit-mal-like seizures in a dose-dependent fashion. These findings raise(More)