Lucien Rumbach

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In vivo measurement of T2 relaxation times in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is potentially useful for the evaluation of the disease activity. Seven patients with definite MS were investigated over a period of three years (19 examinations), using a whole-body MRI scanner operating at 0.15 T with a specially designed(More)
The automatic analysis of subtle changes between MRI scans is an important tool for assessing disease evolution over time. Manual labeling of evolutions in 3D data sets is tedious and error prone. Automatic change detection, however, remains a challenging image processing problem. A variety of MRI artifacts introduce a wide range of unrepresentative changes(More)
The detection of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) lesions in Magnetic Resonance (MR) images remains an important issue in medical image processing. Diagnostic criteria for MS based on brain MRI concern mainly dissemination in space and time. In this context, this paper describes a novel regionbased approach to automatically count the number of MS lesions present in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate occurrence rate, clinical data, and prognostic factors of status epilepticus (SE) after stroke. METHODS From 1984 to 1994, 3,205 patients were admitted to the Department of Neurology at our institution with first-time strokes. A total of 159 of these patients had first-time poststroke seizures. Among these 159 patients, cases of SE(More)
BACKGROUND Familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy (FCMTE) is defined by autosomal dominant adult-onset cortical myoclonus (CM) and seizures in 40% of patients. Two loci, 8q23.3-q24.11 (FAME1/FCMTE1) and 2p11.1-q12.2 (FAME2/FCMTE2), were previously reported without an identified gene. Unlinked families argue for a third mutated gene. METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of oral delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF; also known as gastro-resistant DMF) on MRI lesion activity and load, atrophy, and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) measures from the Comparator and an Oral Fumarate in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (CONFIRM) study. METHODS CONFIRM was a 2-year, placebo-controlled(More)
Of 100 randomly chosen, adult male Wistar rats in the breeding colony at the Centre de Neurochimie , Strasbourg, 31 presented spontaneous, nonconvulsive epileptic seizures: wave-and-spike discharges, 7-11 cycles/s, 200-600 microV, accompanied by behavioral arrest and myoclony of the vibrissae and of the facial and cervical muscles. Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Though there have been many reports on poststroke seizures, there is still much we do not know about them. Using a large cohort of stroke patients we analyzed the characteristics of the seizure(s) and the rate and factors involved in seizure recurrence. METHODS Out of the 3,205 patients admitted for a first-ever stroke to our(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of various risk factors, courses and outcome of infarct subtypes in a large hospital-based stroke registry. METHODS From 1987 to 1994, 1,776 stroke patients with a first-ever infarction were included in the Besançon Stroke Registry. All patients were evaluated by a standard protocol (risk(More)
Certain Wistar rats from our laboratory colony present genetically determined seizures similar to human petit-mal absences. Muscimol, THIP and L-baclofen, agonists of GABA receptors, and gamma-vinyl GABA (GVG), an inhibitor of GABA degradation, enhanced the duration of spontaneous petit-mal-like seizures in a dose-dependent fashion. These findings raise(More)