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BACKGROUND Up to 21% of adults will develop tinnitus, which is one of the most distressing and debilitating audiological problems. The absence of medical cures and standardised practice can lead to costly and prolonged treatment. We aimed to assess effectiveness of a stepped-care approach, based on cognitive behaviour therapy, compared with usual care in(More)
We studied to what extent immediate and delayed recall in an auditory verbal learning paradigm was affected by basic information processing speed (digit copying) and hearing acuity (average hearing acuity at 1, 2 and 4 KHz at the better ear). A group of 453 individuals in the age between 23 and 82 years with no overt hearing pathology was recruited from a(More)
Vascular disease and its risk factors have been associated with the age-related hearing loss. We examined the association of elevated plasma homocysteine and its determinants with hearing levels. Pure-tone air conduction thresholds in 728 individuals with sensorineural hearing loss were not associated with homocysteine, erythrocyte folate and Vitamin B6.(More)
In the present study, the effects of hearing aid use by hearing-impaired older individuals on different aspects of cognitive function, such as memory, attention, executive functioning, and processing speed, were investigated. Fifty-six participants (mean age = 72.5) who were fitted with hearing aids were compared with 46 control participants (mean age =(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of auditory sound deprivation or stimulation on auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) during the maturation period of the rat auditory system. At postnatal day (PND) 21, 40 newborn Norway Brown male rats were categorized into 3 groups: (i) an auditory deprivation group in which a bilateral average(More)
The present study examined the long-term consequences of otitis media (OM) on speech perception abilities in noise. 55 children with a prospective 3-monthly documented middle-ear status and hearing loss between birth and 24 months completed a 'speech-in-noise' (SPiN) test at the age of 7 years. Both hearing loss and the cumulation of uni- and bilateral OM(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the cost-effectiveness of hearing-aid fitting. DESIGN Cost-effectiveness analysis using a Markov model based on aggregate data and results from a prospective intervention study. SETTING The cost-effectiveness study was based in the general community. The prospective study was hospital based, as 85% of the first-time hearing-aid(More)
BACKGROUND Tinnitus is a common chronic health condition that affects 10% to 20% of the general population. Among severe sufferers it causes disability in various areas. As a result of the tinnitus, quality of life is often impaired. At present there is no cure or uniformly effective treatment, leading to fragmentized and costly tinnitus care. Evidence(More)
OBJECTIVES To generate insight into the differences between utility measures EuroQol 5D (EQ-5D), Health Utilities Index Mark II (HUI2) and Mark III (HUI3) and their impact on the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for hearing aid fitting METHODS Persons with hearing complaints completed EQ-5D, HUI2 and HUI3 at baseline and, when applicable, after(More)
The present study examined the effect of early-life otitis media and its associated fluctuating hearing loss on categorical speech perception in 7-year-old Dutch children. The middle ear status of these children had been followed prospectively in their first 2 years of life. Identification and discrimination of speech sounds differing in place of(More)