Lucien Frappart

Learn More
Visual inspection-based screening tests, such as visual inspection with 4% acetic acid (VIA) and with Lugol's iodine (VILI), have been proposed as alternatives to cytology in mass screening programs. To date, there is only limited information on the accuracy of these tests in detecting High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (HSIL). Eleven(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and role of interleukin-17 (IL-17) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and its regulation by antiinflammatory cytokines. METHODS The production of IL-17 was measured in supernatants of RA, osteoarthritis (OA), and normal synovial tissue pieces cultured ex vivo. Quantification of IL-17 was performed using a specific biologic(More)
We evaluated a ‘see and treat’ procedure involving screening, colposcopy, biopsy and cryotherapy by trained nurses in one-visit in field clinics in a cervical screening study in South India for its acceptability, safety and effectiveness in curing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Women positive on visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) were(More)
The impact of screening by visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), cytology or HPV testing on cervical cancer incidence and mortality is investigated in a cluster randomized controlled trial in India. We report findings after the screening phase, when 52 clusters, with a total of 142,701 women aged 30-59 years in Osmanabad District, India, were randomized(More)
The impact of a single round of screening of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) on cervical cancer incidence and mortality was investigated in a cluster randomized trial in south India. Women 30-59 years of age in 113 clusters in Dindigul District were randomized to VIA screening (57 clusters, 48,225 women) by nurses and to a control group (56(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which tumor cells induce osteolytic metastases are likely to involve tumor cell adhesion to bone as well as the release of soluble mediators from tumor cells that stimulate osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are powerful inhibitors of the osteoclast activity and are, therefore, used in the treatment of(More)
The knowledge that cervical neoplasia are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has led to the evaluation of its role in screening. We evaluated the accuracy of HPV testing by Hybrid capture II (HC II) method in detecting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 and 3 (CIN 2 and 3) lesions in 4 cross-sectional studies with common protocol and(More)
We have investigated the endogenous expression of menin, a protein encoded by the gene mutated in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). Western blot analysis showed strong expression of menin as a 68 kDa protein in all of 7 human and primate cell lines tested. In a panel of 12 fetal human tissue extracts, 68 kDa menin was readily detected in brain(More)
pS2 gene has been used to investigate the relationship between alterations of DNA methylation patterns in human tumors and gene expression. The expression of pS2, which is transcriptionally controlled by estrogens in breast cancer cell lines, is restricted to estrogen-receptor-rich human breast tumors. We found that the CCGG site within the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the toxicity of cryoprotectant in sheep ovarian tissue and to determine optimal conditions for freezing hemiovary cortex. DESIGN Small follicles (<60 microm in diameter) were isolated enzymatically for viability testing. Dead and live follicles were identified by using trypan blue staining, and follicle morphology was examined(More)