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Two activities involved in terminal pathway conversion of sterigmatocystin to aflatoxin B1 were isolated from an aflatoxin-nonproducing mutant of Aspergillus parasiticus (avn-1), and the time course of appearance of the activities in culture was determined. Subcellular fractionation of fungal mycelia resolved the two activities into a postmicrosomal(More)
Cytoplasmic and mitochondrial deoxythymidine kinase isozymes derived from the blast cells of acute myelocytic leukemia differ in their substrate specificity and kinetic behavior. These enzymes require divalent cations for their activity. The data suggest that the major role of idvalent cations is to chelate with ATP; the complex thus formed serves as the(More)
Wild-type Aspergillus parasiticus produces, in addition to the colorless aflatoxins, a number of pigmented secondary metabolites. Examination of these pigments demonstrated that a major component was an anthraquinone, averufanin. Radiolabeling studies with [14C]averufanin showed that 23% of the label was incorporated into aflatoxin B1 by the wild type and(More)
A procedure for purifying human cytoplasmic and mitochondrial deoxycytidine kinase (NTP:deoxycytidine 5'-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.74) was developed. Both purified isozymes have a similar molecular weight, activation energy and catalyze the reaction by a sequential mechanism. These two isozymes differ with respect to their substrate specificities. With(More)
The carcinogenic process is usually multifactor in its causation and multistep in its evolution. It is likely that entirely different molecular mechanisms underlie the many steps in this process. In contrast to initiating carcinogens, the action of the tumor-promoting phorbol esters does not appear to involve covalent binding to cellular DNA and they are(More)
An isolate of Aspergillus parasiticus CP461 (SRRC 2043) produced no detectable aflatoxins, but accumulated O-methylsterigmatocystin (OMST). When sterigmatocystin (ST) was fed to this isolate in a low-sugar medium, there was an increase in the accumulation of OMST, without aflatoxin synthesis. When radiolabeled [14C]OMST was fed to resting mycelia of a(More)
Tumor-promoting phorbol esters and related plant macrocyclic diterpenes inhibit the binding of epidermal growth factor to its receptors on HeLa cells. This effect shows marked structural specificity and correlates with other biological effects of these compounds on mouse skin and in cell culture systems. The active compounds inhibited binding of(More)
There is growing evidence to suggest that altered patterns of STC1 gene expression relate to the process of human cancer development. Our previous study has demonstrated the involvement of HIF-1 in the regulation of STC1 expression in human cancer cells. Recently, STC1 has been implicated as a putative pro-apoptotic factor in regulating the cell-death(More)
Two forms of deoxythymidine kinase from blast cells of acute myelocytic leukemia were identified by electrophoresis. One was associated mainly with the cytoplasm and the other with mitochondria. Both isozymes were separated and purified by differential affinity column chromatography which resulted in 2416- and 1634-fold purification of the cytoplasmic and(More)