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Antibody-mediated cross-linking of Thy-1 glycoprotein on the surface of rat mast cells and rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells initiates biochemical events which culminate in secretion of allergy mediators. Thy-1, like some other glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins, forms detergent-insoluble complexes containing protein tyrosine kinases(More)
The opportunities of confocal microscopy applied to morphometry of microscopical structures are presented and demonstrated on stereological methods based on evaluation of optical sections within a thick slice and using computer-generated virtual test probes. Such methods, allowing arbitrary orientation of the thick slice, can be used for estimating volume,(More)
BACKGROUND The implementation of different methods for estimating the surface area and volume of cells studied by confocal microscopy was developed. The methods were compared from the point of view of their precision, applicability and efficiency. METHODS Interactive stereological methods (spatial grid method, fakir method, Cavalieri principle) as well as(More)
Capillary supply of individual skeletal muscle fibers is usually evaluated from two-dimensional (2D) images of thin transverse sections by the number of capillary profiles around a fiber (CAF). This method is inherently inaccurate and the resulting capillary length measurement errors can be avoided by using an alternative three-dimensional (3D) approach(More)
We postulated that, in rat extensor digitorum longus muscle (EDL), the length of capillaries per fibre surface area (Lcap/Sfib) and per fibre volume (Lcap/Vfib) could reflect fibre-type transformations accompanied by changes in oxidative metabolic profile and selective fibre-type atrophy. We excised rat EDL muscle 2 weeks after the sciatic nerve was cut(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the acute effects of permanent denervation on the length density of the capillary network in rat slow soleus (SOL) and fast extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles and the effect of short-lasting reinnervation in slow muscle only. Denervation was performed by cutting the sciatic nerve. Both muscles were excised 2(More)
A set of methods leading to volume reconstruction of biological specimens larger than the field of view of a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) is presented. Large tissue specimens are cut into thin physical slices and volume data sets are captured from all studied physical slices by CLSM. Overlapping spatial tiles of the same physical slice are(More)
When biological specimens are cut into physical sections for three-dimensional (3D) imaging by confocal laser scanning microscopy, the slices may get distorted or ruptured. For subsequent 3D reconstruction, images from different physical sections need to be spatially aligned by optimization of a function composed of a data fidelity term evaluating(More)
The anatomical structure of mesophyll tissue in the leaf is tightly connected with many physiological processes in plants. One of the most important mesophyll parameters related to photosynthesis is the internal leaf surface area, i.e. the surface area of mesophyll cell walls exposed to intercellular spaces. An efficient design-based stereological method(More)
A confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) captures images from a biological specimen in different depths and provides one with a stack of precisely registered fluorescent images. However, image intensities suffer from light loss distortions showing contrast and brightness degradation of images with depth. This effect causes problems in subsequent analysis(More)