Lucie Khemtémourian

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The presence of fibrillar protein deposits (amyloid) of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans is thought to be related to death of the insulin-producing islet beta-cells in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The mechanism of hIAPP-induced beta-cell death is not understood. However, there is growing evidence that(More)
Recently, we identified a peptide (ERα17p, P(295)LMIKRSKKNSLALSLT(311)) that corresponds to the 295-311 sequence of the estrogen receptor α (ERα, hinge region) and which exerts a panel of pharmacological effects in breast cancer cells. Remarkably, these effects can result from the interaction of ERα17p with the plasma membrane. Herein, we show that ERα17p(More)
Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) forms amyloid fibrils in pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It has been suggested that the N-terminal part, which contains a conserved intramolecular disulfide bond between residues 2 and 7, interacts with membranes, ultimately leading to membrane damage and beta-cell death. Here, we used(More)
The formation of protein amyloid deposits is associated with major human diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Spongiform Encephalopathy, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Today, 382 million people live with diabetes. Diabetes is on the rise all over the world and countries are struggling to keep pace treating all these patients.(More)
Dermaseptin S9 (Drs S9) is an atypical cationic antimicrobial peptide with a long hydrophobic core and with a propensity to form amyloid-like fibrils. Here we investigated its membrane interaction using a variety of biophysical techniques. Rather surprisingly, we found that Drs S9 induces efficient permeabilisation in zwitterionic phosphatidylcholine (PC)(More)
Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is the major component of the amyloid deposits found in the pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Mature hIAPP, a 37-aa peptide, is natively unfolded in its monomeric state but forms islet amyloid in T2DM. In common with other misfolded and aggregated proteins, amyloid formation involves(More)
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