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Glaucoma, a major cause of blindness worldwide, is a neurodegenerative optic neuropathy in which vision loss is caused by loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). To better define the pathways mediating RGC death and identify targets for the development of neuroprotective drugs, we developed a high-throughput RNA interference screen with primary RGCs and used(More)
There is a clinical need for better blood vessel substitutes, as current surgical procedures are limited by the availability of suitable autologous vessels and suboptimal behavior of synthetic grafts in small caliber arterial graft (<5  mm) applications. The aim of the present study was to compare the mechanical properties of arterial and venous(More)
Wound closure of epithelial tissues must occur efficiently to restore rapidly their barrier function. We have developed a tissue-engineered wound-healing model composed of human skin keratinocytes and fibroblasts to better understand the mechanisms of reepithelialization. It allowed us to quantify the reepithelialization rate, which was significantly(More)
Thirty two patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy are described. The most relevant aspects of the disease are the following: it starts at nearly 12 years of age or before; it is frequently associated with generalized tonic-clonic seizures; myoclonic and tonic-clonic seizures occur at time of awaking or shortly after; no pathological findings occur at the(More)
Tissue engineering is progressing rapidly. Bioengineered substitutes are already available for experimental applications and some clinical purposes such as skin replacement. This review focuses on the development of reconstructed human cornea in vitro by tissue engineering. Key elements to consider in the corneal reconstruction, such as the source for(More)
Immunocytochemical staining for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) allows more specific identification of astrocytes and their processes than classical histochemical techniques and has therefore recently been used by some investigators to quantify gliosis. However, although the immunocytochemical method is superior for delineation of reactive(More)
For patients with extensive burns, wound coverage with an autologous in vitro reconstructed skin made of both dermis and epidermis should be the best alternative to split-thickness graft. Unfortunately, various obstacles have delayed the widespread use of composite skin substitutes. Insufficient vascularization has been proposed as the most likely reason(More)
In order to assess the effect of learning a conditional motor task on set-related cells of the precentral cortex we recorded a total of 228 task-related cells in awake, behaving primate. A first sample of 54 set-related cells was recorded while the monkey was performing at 54.7 +/- 7.8% and a second sample of 119 set-related cells was recorded at the same(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to produce and characterize human tissue-engineered corneas reconstructed using all three corneal cell types (epithelial, stromal, and endothelial cells) by the self-assembly approach. METHODS Fibroblasts cultured in medium containing serum and ascorbic acid secreted their own extracellular matrix and formed sheets(More)