Lucie Germain

Learn More
To describe the epidemiological characteristics of epilepsy in a northern area of Chile, an investigation was conducted in four localities in the province of Copiapó (population of 17,694). Based on 314 cases of active epilepsy, the prevalence per 1000 at June 30, 1988 was 17.7. The average annual incidence for the period 1984-1988 was 113 per 100,000.(More)
Immunocytochemical staining for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) allows more specific identification of astrocytes and their processes than classical histochemical techniques and has therefore recently been used by some investigators to quantify gliosis. However, although the immunocytochemical method is superior for delineation of reactive(More)
Wound closure of epithelial tissues must occur efficiently to restore rapidly their barrier function. We have developed a tissue-engineered wound-healing model composed of human skin keratinocytes and fibroblasts to better understand the mechanisms of reepithelialization. It allowed us to quantify the reepithelialization rate, which was significantly(More)
For patients with extensive burns, wound coverage with an autologous in vitro reconstructed skin made of both dermis and epidermis should be the best alternative to split-thickness graft. Unfortunately, various obstacles have delayed the widespread use of composite skin substitutes. Insufficient vascularization has been proposed as the most likely reason(More)
Glaucoma, a major cause of blindness worldwide, is a neurodegenerative optic neuropathy in which vision loss is caused by loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). To better define the pathways mediating RGC death and identify targets for the development of neuroprotective drugs, we developed a high-throughput RNA interference screen with primary RGCs and used(More)
Tissue engineering is progressing rapidly. Bioengineered substitutes are already available for experimental applications and some clinical purposes such as skin replacement. This review focuses on the development of reconstructed human cornea in vitro by tissue engineering. Key elements to consider in the corneal reconstruction, such as the source for(More)
PURPOSE Wound healing of the corneal epithelium is highly influenced by regulation of integrin gene expression. A recent study demonstrated that laminin (LM), a major constituent of the extracellular matrix (ECM), reduces expression of the human alpha6 integrin subunit gene by altering the properties of the transcription factor (TF) Sp1. In this work, a(More)
To assess the neurourological disturbances produced by the perivascular inflammatory process in the acute phase of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, we carried out a controlled study. Forty-six New Zealand male rabbits were inoculated with an encephalitogenic preparation. Twenty-seven of them developed neurological deficits in an average of 9.3 days(More)