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We propose a modification of the conventional keratinocyte isolation method which has shown a significant improvement in the purity, colony forming efficiency (c.f.e.) and growth capacity of the isolated epidermal cell population. This method utilized thermolysin since it selectively digests the dermo-epidermal junction. Following separation from the(More)
Myofibroblasts play an important role in normal wound healing. They are present transiently during tissue repair. Their differentiation from fibroblasts and their role in granulation tissues are most likely to be modulated by cytokines. As these cells are derived from normal fibroblasts, their responses to cytokines are assumed to be similar. Until now,(More)
The differentiation patterns of epithelial cells in fetal rat liver were analyzed in situ and in primary culture by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy using polyvalent and monoclonal antibodies directed against cytokeratins with molecular weights of 55,000 (CK55), 52,000 (CK52), and 39,000 (CK39) and against vimentin, albumin, alpha-fetoprotein, and(More)
Mechanically challenged tissue-engineered organs, such as blood vessels, traditionally relied on synthetic or modified biological materials for structural support. In this report, we present a novel approach to tissue-engineered blood vessel (TEBV) production that is based exclusively on the use of cultured human cells, i.e., without any synthetic or(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate keratin 19 (K19) as a biochemical marker for skin stem cells in order to address some long standing questions concerning these cells in the field of cutaneous biology. We first used the well-established mouse model enabling us to identify skin stem cells as [3H]thymidine-label-retaining cells. A site directed antibody(More)
We designed a new tissue-engineered skin equivalent in which complete pilosebaceous units were integrated. This model was produced exclusively from human fibroblasts and keratinocytes and did not contain any synthetic material. Fibroblasts were cultured for 35 d with ascorbic acid and formed a thick fibrous sheet in the culture dish. The dermal equivalent(More)
Several studies have recently been conducted on cultured skin equivalent (SE), prepared using human keratinocytes seeded on various types of dermal equivalents (DE). We previously showed the advantages of our anchorage method in preventing the severe surface reduction of DE due to fibroblast contractile properties in vitro. A new anchored human SE was(More)
The adult liver is a multicellular organ comprised of hepatocytes and several non-parenchymal cell populations. Beside the three well characterized sinusoidal cell subpopulations (i.e. Kupffer cells, endothelial cells and fat-storing cells}, there are the epithelial cells of the biliary ductal structures and the mesothelial cells of the Glisson capsula(More)
An in vitro human skin equivalent may be obtained by culturing human keratinocytes on a collagen gel containing fibroblasts. The anchored skin equivalent cultured at the air-liquid interface closely resembles human skin and is acceptable for in vitro percutaneous absorption. However, it is still more permeable than human skin. Since intercellular lipids(More)
In human skin, large burned surfaces heal using two concomitant phenomena: re-epithelialization and dermal neoformation. Numerous studies report the role of interactions between keratinocytes and fibroblasts, but the relationship between wound healing myofibroblasts and keratinocytes is not clear, even though these two cell types coexist during healing. We(More)