Lucie Fransen

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Activated murine peritoneal macrophages inhibit the intracellular proliferation of Toxoplasma gondii and produce a number of cytokines, such as TNF-alpha and IL-1. Both TNF-alpha and IL-1 have been reported to be involved in the immune response against various microorganisms, but the mechanisms responsible for these effects are not known. In the present(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), but not lymphotoxin (LT), is directly trypanolytic for salivarian trypanosomes. This activity was not blocked by soluble 55-kilodalton and 75-kilodalton TNF receptors, but was potently inhibited by N,N'-diacetylchitobiose, an oligosaccharide that binds TNF. Comparative sequence analysis of TNF and LT localized the trypanocidal(More)
The conditioned medium of the murine macrophage PU5.1.8 was analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in order to detect LPS-induced proteins. Spots of interest were identified by microsequencing of internal peptides generated by limited in situ acid hydrolysis. In total conditioned medium, several monokines (TNF-alpha and macrophage inflammatory(More)
Tumor necrosis factor TNF can trigger increases in membrane conductance of mammalian cells in a receptor-independent manner via its lectin-like domain. A lectin-deficient TNF mutant, lacking this activity, was able to bind to artificial liposomes in a pH-dependent manner, but not to insert into the bilayer, just like wild type TNF. A peptide mimicking the(More)
The precise function of activated microglia and their secretory products remains controversial. In order to assess the role of microglial secretion products, we established an in vitro model of an inflammatory reaction in the brain by co-culturing microglial and neuronal cell lines. Upon stimulation with interferon-gamma and lipopolysaccharides, the(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) activates sodium channels in Type II alveolar epithelial cells, an important mechanism for the reported fluid resorption capacity of the cytokine. Both TNF-alpha receptor-dependent and -independent effects were proposed for this activity in vitro, the latter mechanism mediated by the lectin-like domain of the(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF), released by induced macrophages, causes tumour necrosis in animals and kills preferentially transformed cells in vitro. mRNA induced in the established mouse monocytic PU 5.1.8 cell line by lipopolysaccharide, was converted into double-stranded cDNA and cloned in the pAT153 vector. Recombinant plasmids were screened by(More)
Two hundred and twently-nine infants born consecutively at the maternity ward of the Middelheim Hospital in Antwerp, over a period of 5 months, and an additional 55 randomly selected infants born at the same hospital were clinically and microbiologically investigated before leaving the maternity ward. All infants born at this maternity ward received argyrol(More)
U-937 cells, a monocytic line derived from a human histiocytic lymphoma, were induced for human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) secretion into the medium and were used for the preparation of TNF mRNA. Biological activity of the latter was quantified in a Xenopus laevis oocyte injection system. TNF mRNA was enriched by gradient centrifugation and this(More)
The biosynthesis and intracellular processing of the polypeptide precursor of the beta A-chain of the fertility hormone inhibin were assessed by infecting a wide spectrum of cell types with a recombinant vaccinia virus. Most cell lines, including follicular granulosa cells, secrete both prohormone and mature hormone as homodimers (activin) composed of(More)