Lucie Chambonnier

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Helicobacter pylori infection is the major risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma. The link with gastric adenocarcinoma is partly due to the H. pylori CagA oncoprotein. CagA is responsible for a particular cell phenotype in vitro, the ‘hummingbird’ phenotype, that corresponds to an elongation of the cells, mimicking an epithelial–mesenchymal transition(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Studies in animal models have shown that bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) could be involved in the formation of carcinomas of the upper gastrointestinal tract, including gastric carcinoma. Most gastric carcinomas in humans have been associated with chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori; we investigated the bacteria's potential to(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a genetic disease caused by the absence of functional dystrophin, remains without adequate treatment. Although great hopes are attached to gene and cell therapies, identification of active small molecules remains a valid option for new treatments. We have studied the effect of 20 approved pharmaceutical compounds on the muscles(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have the ability to differentiate into a variety of cell types and are a potential source for epithelial tissue repair. Several studies have demonstrated their ability to repopulate the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) in bone marrow transplanted patients or in animal models of gastrointestinal carcinogenesis(More)
Chronic Helicobacter pylori infection provokes an inflammation of the gastric mucosa, at high risk for ulcer and cancer development. The most virulent strains harbor the cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI) encoding a type 4 secretion system, which allows delivery of bacterial effectors into gastric epithelial cells, inducing pro-inflammatory responses and(More)
Gastric carcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. This cancer, most of the time metastatic, is essentially treated by surgery associated with conventional chemotherapy, and has a poor prognosis. The existence of cancer stem cells (CSC) expressing CD44 and a high aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity has recently been(More)
MicroRNAs regulate eukaryotic gene expression upon pairing onto target mRNAs. This targeting is influenced by the complementarity between the microRNA "seed" sequence at its 5' end and the seed-matching sequences in the mRNA. Here, we assess the efficiency and specificity of 8-mer locked nucleic acid (LNA)-modified oligonucleotides raised against the seeds(More)
Prevention of muscle fiber degeneration is a key issue in the treatment of muscular dystrophies such as Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). It is widely postulated that existing pharmaceutical compounds might potentially be beneficial to DMD patients, but tools to identify them are lacking. Here, by using a Caenorhabditis elegans model of(More)
In mammals, the lack of dystrophin leads to a degeneration of skeletal muscles. It has been known for many years that this pathology can be blocked by denervation or immobilization of muscles. It is not yet clear, however, whether this suppressing effect is due to the absence of fiber contraction per se, or to other mechanisms which may be induced by such(More)
Purpose: Gastric carcinomas are heterogeneous, and the current therapy remains essentially based on surgery with conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This study aimed to characterize biomarkers allowing the detection of cancer stem cells (CSC) in human gastric carcinoma of different histologic types.Experimental Design: The primary tumors from 37(More)