Lucie Bačáková

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Substrate stiffness is emerging as an important physical factor in the response of many cell types. In agreement with findings on other anchorage-dependent cell lineages, aortic smooth muscle cells are found to spread and organize their cytoskeleton and focal adhesions much more so on "rigid" glass or "stiff" gels than on "soft" gels. Whereas these cells(More)
The interaction of cells and tissues with artificial materials designed for applications in biotechnologies and in medicine is governed by the physical and chemical properties of the material surface. There is optimal cell adhesion to moderately hydrophilic and positively charged substrates, due to the adsorption of cell adhesion-mediating molecules (e.g.(More)
Advanced interdisciplinary scientific field of tissue engineering has been developed to meet increasing demand for safe, functional and easy available substitutes of irreversibly damaged tissues and organs. First biomaterials were constructed as "two-dimensional" (allowing cell adhesion only on their surface), and durable (non-biodegradable). In contrast,(More)
It is well known that allosteric modulators of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors can both diminish and increase the affinity of receptors for their antagonists. We investigated whether the allosteric modulators can also increase the affinity of receptors for their agonists. Twelve agonists and five allosteric modulators were tested in experiments on(More)
The surface of poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) films deposited on glass coverslips was modified with poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA), or 1:4 mixtures of PDLLA and PDLLA-b-PEO block copolymers, in which either none, 5% or 20% of the copolymer molecules carried a synthetic extracellular matrix-derived ligand for integrin adhesion receptors, the GRGDSG oligopeptide, attached(More)
This review summarizes recent trends in the construction of bioartificial vascular replacements, i.e. hybrid grafts containing synthetic polymeric scaffolds and cells. In these advanced replacements, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) should be considered as a physiological component, although it is known that activation of the migration and proliferation(More)
Polyethylene was implanted with 30-keV oxygen (PE/O+) or 23-keV carbon ions (PE/C+) at 10(13) to 5 x 10(15) ions cm(-2) doses in order to improve the adhesion of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) to the polymer surface in vitro because of its oxidation and carbon-enrichment. The concentration of -CO- groups in the PE/O+ and PE/C+ samples increased only up(More)
The neuromuscular blocking drug alcuronium was found earlier to increase the affinity of muscarinic receptors for methyl-N-scopolamine (NMS). This effect could be observed in some but not in other tissues. Subtype selectivity of the positive allosteric action of alcuronium was now investigated in radioligand binding experiments in Chinese hamster ovary(More)
Ligands that bind to the allosteric-binding sites on muscarinic acetylcholine receptors alter the conformation of the classical-binding sites of these receptors and either diminish or increase their affinity for muscarinic agonists and classical antagonists. It is not known whether the resulting conformational change also affects the interaction between the(More)
Carbon fiber-reinforced carbon composites (CFRC) are considered to be promising materials for orthopedic and dental surgery. Their mechanical properties can be tailored to be similar to those of bone, and their chemical composition (close to pure carbon) promises that they will be tolerated well by the surrounding tissue. In this study, CFRC composites were(More)